Vampyrum spectrum 


Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

McCarthy, T. J. 1987. Distributional records of bats of the caribbean lowlands of Belize and adjacent Guatemala and Mexico. Fieldana, Zoology 39: 137-162.

Reid, F. 2009. A field guide to the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.

Simmons, N.B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Vehrencamp, S. L., Stiles, F. V. and Bradbury, J. W. 1977. Observations on the foraging behavior and avian prey of the neotropical carnivorous bat, Vampyrum spectrum. Journal of Mammalogy 58: 469-478.

Citation: Aguirre, L., Mantilla, H., Miller, B. & Dávalos, L. 2008. Vampyrum spectrum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T22843A9395576. . Downloaded on 27 November 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided