Aramilev, V. V. 2006. The conservation status of Asiatic black bears in the Russian Far East. Understanding Asian Bears to Secure Their Future, pp. 86-89. Japan Bear Network, Ibaraki, Japan.
Bromlei, F. G. 1965. Bears of the South Far-eastern USSR. Indian National Scientific Documentation Center, New Delhi, India.
Carr, M. M., Yoshizaki, J., van Manen, F. T., Pelton, M. R., Huygens, O. C., Hayashi, H. and Maekawa, M. 2002. A multi-scale assessment of habitat use by asiatic black bears in central Japan. Ursus 13: 1-9.
Chang, H-C., Chang, H-J., Chao, T-Y. and Chan, S-Y. 1995. A survey of bear gallbladder commodities in the Taiwan market. Department of Health, Taipei, Taiwan.
Chape, S., Blyth, S., Fish, L., Fox, P. and Spalding, M. 2003. 2003 United Nations List of Protected Areas. IUCN - The World Conservation Union & UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Center.
FAO. 2006. Global forest resources 2005. Progress towards sustainable forest management, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Galbreath, G. J., Hean, S. and Montgomery, S. M. 2000. A new color phase of Ursus thibetanus (Mammalia: Ursidae) from Southeast Asia. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 49: 107-111.
Garshelis, D. L. 2002. Misconceptions, ironies, and uncertainties regarding trends in bear populations. Ursus 13: 321-334.
Gong, J. and Harris, R. B. 2006. The status of bears in China. Understanding Asian bears to secure their future, pp. 50-56. Japan Bear Network, Ibaraki, Japan.
Gutleb, B. and Ziaie, H. 1999. On the distribution and status of the Brown Bear, Ursus arctos, and the Asiatic Black Bear, U. thibetanus, in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 18: 5-8.
Hashimoto, Y., Kaji, M., Sawada, H. and Takatsuki, S. 2003. Five-year study on the autumn food habits of the Asiatic black bear in relation to nut production. Ecological Research 18: 485-492.
Huygens, O. C. and Hayashi, H. 2001. Use of stone pine seeds and oak acorns by Asiatic black bears in central Japan. Ursus 12: 47-50.
Huygens, O. C., Miyashita, T., Dahle, B., Carr, M., Izumiyama, S., Sugawara, T. and Hayashi, H. 2003. Diet and feeding habits of Asiatic black bears in the Northern Japanese Alps. Ursus 14: 236-245.
Hwang, M.-H. 2003. Ecology of Asiatic black bears and people-bear interactions in Yushan National Park, Taiwan. Thesis, University of Minnesota.
Hwang, M.-H. and Garshelis, D. L. 2007. Activity patterns of Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) in the Central Mountains of Taiwan. Journal of Zoology (London) 271: 203-209.
Hwang, M. H., Garshelis, D. L. and Wang, Y. 2002. Diets of asiatic black bears in Taiwan, with methodological and geographical comparisons. Ursus 13: 111-125.
Izumiyama, S. and Shiraishi, T. 2004. Seasonal changes in elevation and habitat use of the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) in the Northern Japan Alps. Mammal Studies 29: 1-18.
Kang, S. and Phipps, M. J. 2003. A question of attitude: South Korea's Traditional Medicine practitioners and wildlife conservation. TRAFFIC East Asia, Hong Kong.
Mizukami, R. N., Goto, M., Izumiyama, S., Hayashi, H. and Yoh, M. 2005. Estimation of feeding history by measuring carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios in hair of Asiatic black bears. Ursus 16: 93-101.
Nguyen Xuan Dang. 2006. The current status and conservation of bears in Vietnam. Understanding Asian bears to secure their future., pp. 61-65. Japan Bear Network, Ibaraki, Japan.
Oi, T. and Yamazaki, K. 2006. The status of Asiatic black bears in Japan. Understanding Asian bears to secure their future, pp. 122-133. Japan Bear Network, Ibaraki, Japan.
Reid, D., Jiang, M., Teng, Q., Qin, Z. and Hu, J. 1991. Ecology of the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) in Sichuan, China. Mammalia 55: 221-237.
Sathyakumar, S. 2006. The status of Asiatic black bears in India. Understanding Asian bears to secure their future, pp. 12-19. Japan Bear Network, Ibaraki, Japan.
Saw Htun. 2006. The status and conservation of bears in Myanmar. Understanding Asian bears to secure their future, pp. 45-49. Japan Bear Network, Ibaraki, Japan.
Schaller, G. B., Teng, Q., Johnson, K. G., Wang, X., Shen, H. and Hu, J. 1989. The feeding ecology of giant pandas and Asiatic black bears in the Tangjiahe Reserve, China. In: J. L. Gittleman (ed.), Carnivore behavior, ecology, and evolution, pp. 212-240. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.
Servheen, C., Herrero, S. and Peyton, B. 1999. Bears. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Bear and Polar Bear Specialist Groups, Gland, Switzerland.
Seryodkin, I. V., Goodrich, J. M., Kostyria, A. V., Schleyer, B. O., Smirnov, E. N., Kerley, L. L. and Miquelle, D. G. 2005. Relationship between tigers, brown bears, and Himalayan black bears. In: D. G. Miquelle, E. N. Smirnov and J. M. Goodrich (eds), Tigers of Sikhote-Alin Zapovednik: ecology and conservation, pp. 156-163. PSP, Vladivostok, Russia.
Seryodkin, I. V., Kostyria, A. V., Goodrich, J. M., Miquelle, D. G., Smirnov, E. N., Kerley, L. L., Quigley, H. B. and Hornocker, M. G. 2003. Denning ecology of brown bears and Asiatic black bears in the Russian Far East. Ursus 14: 153-161.
Sheikh, K. M. 2006. The status and conservation of bears in Pakistan. Understanding Asian bears to secure their future, pp. 1-6. Japan Bear Network, Ibaraki, Japan.
Vinitpornsawan, S., Steinmetz, R. and Kanchanasakha, B. 2006. The status of bears in Thailand. Japan Bear Network, Ibaraki, Japan.
Yamazaki, K. 2003. Effects of pruning and brush clearing on debarking within damaged conifer stands by Japanese black bears. Ursus 14: 94-98.
|Citation:||Garshelis, D.L. & Steinmetz, R. (IUCN SSC Bear Specialist Group) 2008. Ursus thibetanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 January 2015.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|