Corvus hawaiiensis 

Scope: Global
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Bibliography [top]

Anon. 2009. Revised recovery plan for 'Alala released. 'Elepaio 69(5): 37.

Banko, P. C., Ball, D. L., Banko, W. E. 2002. Hawaiian crow (Corvus hawaiiensis). In: A. Poole and F. Gill (eds), The Birds of North America, No. 648, The Birds of North America, Inc, Philadelphia, PA.

Banko, P. C.; Burgett, J.; Conry, P. J.; David, R.; Derrickson, S.; Fitzpatrick, J.; Liebermann, A.; Nelson, J. T.; Simmons, P.; Unger, K.; Vitousek, P. M. 2003. Draft revised recovery plan for the Alala (Corvus Hawaiiensis. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, OR, USA.

Collar, N.J. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

Conrow, J. 1999. Born to be wild. Audubon 101: 64-71.

Faike, E. 2006. Wild voices in captivity: the date of the 'Alala. Birding 38: 64-67.

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: (Accessed: 07 December 2016).

Kuehler, C.; Kuhn, M.; McIlraith, B.; Campbell, G. 1994. Artificial incubation and hand-rearing of Alala Corvus hawaiiensis eggs removed from the wild. Zoo Biology 13: 257-266.

Lieberman, A. 1997. Conservation of the Hawaiian Avifauna. AFA Watchbird 24: 28.

Lieberman, A. C., Kuehler, C. M. 2009. Captive propagation. In: Pratt, T. K.; Atkinson, C. T.; Banko, P. C.; Jacobi, J. D.; Woodworth, B. L. (ed.), Conservation Biology of Hawaiian Forest Birds: Implications for Island Avifauna, pp. 448-469. Yale University Press, New Haven.

Maxfield, B. 1998. Wild 'Alala population suffers major setback. 'Elepaio 58: 51.

Switzer, R. 2011. Hawaii Endangered Bird Conservaton Program Report. In: Lieberman, A. (ed.), Report to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and State of Hawaii. San Diego Zoo Global Institutue for Conservation Research, The Zoological Society of San Diego, Keauhou Bird Conservation Center and Maui Bird Conservation Center.

US Fish & Wildlife Service. 2009. Revised Recovery Plan for the 'Alala (Corvus hawaiiensis). Available at: #

USFWS and Hawaii DLNR. 1999. US Fish and Wildlife Service and Hawai'i DLNR, Honolulu, USA.

Walters, M. J. 2006. Do no harm [Hawaiian Crow]. Conservation in Practice 7(4): 28-32.

Citation: BirdLife International. 2016. Corvus hawaiiensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22706052A94048187. . Downloaded on 16 August 2018.
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