Syncerus caffer


Bibliography [top]

Butynski, T. M., Schaaf, C. D. and Hearn, G. W. 1997. African buffalo Syncerus caffer extirpated on Bioko Island, Equatorial. Journal of African Zoology 111: 57-61.

East, R. 1999. African Antelope Database 1999. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Prins, H. H. T. and Sinclair, A. R. E. In press. Syncerus caffer. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Winterbach, H. E. K. 1998. Research review: the status and distribution of Cape buffalo Syncerus caffer caffer in southern Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 28(3): 82-88.

Citation: IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Syncerus caffer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 01 April 2015.
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