Arctocephalus galapagoensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Bibliography [top]

Alava, J.J. and Salazar, S. 2006. Status and conservation of Otariids in Ecuador and the Galápagos Islands. In: A.W. Trites, S.K. Atkinson, D.P. DeMaster, L.W. Fritz, T.S. Gelatt, L.D. Rea and K.M. Wynne (eds), Sea Lions of the World, pp. 495-520. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program, Alaska, USA.

Alava, J.J., Salazar, S., Cruz, M., Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Villegas Amtmann, S., Paez-Rosas, D., Costa, D.P., Ross, P.S., Ikonomou, M.G. and Gobas, F.A.P.C. 2011. DDT strikes back: Galapagos sea lions face increasing health risks. Ambio 40: 425-430.

Aurioles-Gamboa, D., Schramm, Y. and Mesnick, S. 2004. Galapagos fur seals, Arctocephalus galapagoensis, in México. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 9: 77-90.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Berta, A. and Churchill, M. 2012. Pinniped taxonomy: review of currently recognized species and subspecies, and evidence used for their description. Mammal Review 42: 207-234.

Cai, W., Borlace, S., Lengaigne, M., van Rensch, P., Collins, M., Vecci, G., Timmermann, A., Santoso, A., McPhaden, M.J., Wu, L., England, M.H., Guojian, W. and Jin, F-F. 2014. Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming. Nature Climate Change 4: 111-116.

Clarke, M.R. and Trillmich, F. 1980. Cephalopods in the diets of fur seals of the Galápagos islands. Journal of Zoology, London 190: 211-215.

Clark, T.W. 1979. Galapagos Fur Seal. Mammals in the Seas, Vol. II: pinniped species summaries and report on sirenians, pp. 31-33. FAO Fisheries.

Cobb, K.M., Westphal, N., Sayani, H.R., Watson, J.T., Di Lorenzo, E., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L. and Charles, C.D. 2013. Highly variable El Niño-Southern Oscillation throughout the Holocene. Science 339: 67-70.

Committee on Taxonomy. 2011. List of marine mammal species and subspecies. Society for Marine Mammalogy. Available at: (Accessed: 10 January 2012).

Committee on Taxonomy. 2013. List of marine mammal species and subspecies. Updated 3 December 2013. Available at: (Accessed: 3 July 2014).

Dellinger, T. and Trillmich, F. 1999. Fish prey of the sympatric Galápagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77: 1204-1216.

Forcada, J., Trathan, P.N. and Murphy, E.J. 2008. Life history buffering in Antarctic mammals and birds against changing patterns of climate and environmental variation. Global Change Biology 14: 2473-2488.

Gerber, L.R. and Hilborn, R. 2001. Catastrophic events and recovery from low densities in populations of otariids: implications for risk of extinction. Mammal Review 31(2): 131-150.

Heller, E. 1904. Mammals of the Galápagos archipelago, exclusive of the Cetacea. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 3: 233-251.

Horning, M. and Trillmich, F. 1999. Lunar cycles in diel prey migrations exert a stronger effect on the diving of juveniles than adult Galápagos fur seals. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 266: 1127-1132.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. Available at: (Accessed: 23 June 2015).

Jeglinski, J.W.E, Goetz, K.T., Werner, C., Costa, D.P. and Trillmich F. 2013. Same size – same niche? Foraging niche separation between sympatric juvenile Galapagos sea lions and adult Galapagos fur seals. Journal of Animal Ecology 82: 694-706.

Lopes, F. Hoffman, J.I., Valiati, V.H., Bonatto, S.L., Wolf, J.B.W., Trillmich, F. and Oliveira, L.R. 2015. Fine-scale matrilineal population structure in the Galapagos fur seal and its implications for conservation management. Conservation Genetics 10.1007/s10592-015-0725-1.

Nyakatura, K. and Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P. 2012. Updating the evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia): a new species-level supertree complete with divergence time estimates. BMC Biology 10: 12.

Pacifici, M., Santini, L., Di Marco, M., Baisero, D., Francucci, L., Grottolo Marasini, G., Visconti, P. and Rondinini, C. 2013. Generation length for mammals. Nature Conservation 5: 87–94.

Repenning, C.A., Peterson, R.S. and Hubbs, C.L. 1971. Contributions to the systematics of the southern fur seals, with particular reference to the Juan Fernández and Guadalupe species. In: W.H. Burt (ed.), Antarctic Pinnipedia, pp. 1-34. Antarctic Research Series 18, American Geophysical Union, New York, USA.

Salazar, S. 2002. Lobo marino y lobo peletero. In: E. Danulat & G.J. Edgar (eds), Reserva Marina de Galapagos. Linea Base de la Biodiversidad, pp. 267-290. Fundacion Charles Darwin / Servicio Parque Nacional Galapagos, Santa Cruz, Ecuador.

Santoso, A., McGregor, S., Jin, F-F., Cai, W., England, M.H., An S II, McPhayden, M.J. and Guilyardi, E. 2013. Late-twentieth-century emergence of the El Nino propagation asymmetry and future projections. Nature 504: 126-130.

Thornback, J. and Jenkins, M. 1982. The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened mammalian taxa of the Americas and the Australasian zoogeographic region (excluding Cetacea). IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Trillmich, F. 1987. Galapagos fur seal, Arctocephalus galapagoensis. In: J.P. Croxall & R.L. Gentry (eds), Status, biology, and ecology of fur seals, pp. 23-27. NOAA Technical Report.

Trillmich, F. and Dellinger, T. 1991. The effects of El Niño on Galápagos pinnipeds. In: F. Trillmich and K.A. Ono (eds), Pinnipeds and El Niño: responses to environmental stress, pp. 66-74. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany.

Trillmich, F. and Kooyman, G.L. 2001. Field metabolic rate of lactating female Galápagos fur seals (Arctocephalus galapagoensis): the influence of offspring age and environment. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 129(A): 741-749.

Trillmich, F. and Limberger, D. 1985. Drastic effects of El Niño on Galápagos pinnipeds. Oecologia 67: 19-22.

Trillmich, F. and Wolf, J.B.W. 2008. Parent-offspring and sibling conflict in the Galápagos fur seals and sea lions. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 62: 363-375.

Villegas-Amtmann, S., Jeglinski, J.W.E., Costa, D.P., Robinson, P.W. and Trillmich, F. 2013. Individual foraging strategies reveal niche overlap between endangered Galapagos Pinnipeds. PLOS ONE 8(8): doi:101371/journal.pone.0070748.

Wolf, J.B.W., Tautz, D. and Trillmich, F. 2007. Galapagos and Californian sea lions are separate species: genetic analysis of the genus Zalophus and its implications for conservation management. Frontiers in Zoology 4: doi:10.1186/1742-9994-4-20.

Citation: Trillmich, F. 2015. Arctocephalus galapagoensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T2057A45223722. . Downloaded on 27 May 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided