Solegnathus hardwickii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Bibliography [top]

Allen, G.R. and Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bensky, D. and Gamble, A. 1993. Herbs that tonify the Yang. In: Chinese Herbal Medicine - Materia Medica. Revised Edition. pp. 354–356. Eastland Press, Inc. Seattle, Washington, USA

Bowles, D.R.J. 2001. The nature of the bycatch fishery of Solegnathus spp. (Pipehorses) in NSW demersal trawl fisheries. Report to NSW Fisheries Scientific Committee.

Coles, R., Grech, A., Dew, K., Zeller, B., and McKenzie, L. 2007. A preliminary report on the adequacy of protection provided to species and benthic habitats in the east coast otter trawl fishery by the current system of closures. Queensland Government Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Cairns, Queensland.

Connolly, R.M., Cronin, E.R. and Thomas, B.E. 2001. Trawl bycatch of syngnathids in Queensland: catch rates, distribution and population biology of Solegnathus pipehorses (seadragons). School of Environmental and Applied Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast.

Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.

Foster, S.J. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2004. Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management. Journal of Fish Biology 65: 1-61.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2005. FishBase version (11/2005). World Wide Web electronic publication. Search FishBase.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: (Accessed: 14 September 2017).

Kuiter, R.H. 2000a. Seahorses, Pipefishes and their Relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.

Lourie, S.A., Vincent, A.C.J. and Hall, H.J. 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London, U.K.

Martin-Smith, K.M. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2006. Exploitation and trade of Australian seahorses and their relatives (syngnathids). Oryx 40(2): 141-151.

Martin-Smith, K.M., Lam, T.F.-N. and Lee, S.K.-H. 2003. Trade in Pipehorses Solegnathus spp. for Traditional Medicine in Hong Kong. Traffic Bulletin 19: 139–148.

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. and Hanley, J.E. 1989. Pisces. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia.

Pogonoski, J.J., Pollard, D.A. and Paxton, J.R. 2002. Conservation overview and action plan for Australian threatened and potentially threatened marine and estuarine fishes. Environment Australia, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Queensland Government. 2012. Annual Status Report 2011 - East Coast Otter Trawl Fishery. Cairns, Queensland. 31 pp. Available at

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated Checklist of the Coral Reef Fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker Group, Great Barrier Reef. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville. 184pp.

Teixeira, R.L. and Musick, J.A. 1995. Trophic ecology of two congeneric pipefishes (Syngnathidae) of the lower York River, Virginia. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 43: 295–309.

Teixeira, R.L. and Musick, J.A. 2001. Reproduction and food habits of the lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) of Chesapeake Bay, Virginia. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 61: 79–90.

Vincent, A.C.J. 1996. The International Trade in Seahorses. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.

Woods, C.M.C. 2002. Natural diet of the seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36(4): 655–660.

Citation: Pollom, R. 2017. Solegnathus hardwickii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T20315A67623640. . Downloaded on 18 August 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided