Bailey, R.M. and Cross, F.B. 1954. River sturgeon of the American genus Scaphirhynchus: characters, distribution and synonymy. Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci., Arts and Letters 39:169-208
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Beamesderfer, R.C.P. and Farr, R.A. 1997. Alternatives for the protection and restoration of sturgeons and their habitat. Environmental Biology of Fishes 48: 407-417.
Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. The University of Wisconsin Press. Madison, WI. 1052 pp.
Blair, W.F., Blair, A.P., Brodkorb, P., Cagle, F.R. and Moore, G.F. 1968. Vertebrates of the United States. Second Edition. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York. 616 pp.
Boreman, J. 1997. Sensitivity of North American sturgeons and paddlefish to fishing mortality. Environmental Biology of Fishes 48(1/4):399-405.
Dryer, M.P. and Sandvol, A.J. 1993. Recovery plan for the pallid sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus albus). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Bismarck, ND. 55 pp
Eddy, S. and Underhill, J.C. 1974. Northern fishes. University of Minneapolis Press, Minneapolis. 414 pp.
Etnier, D.A. and Starnes, W.C. 1993. The Fishes of Tennessee. The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 681 pp.
Hesse, L.W. and Carreirov J.R. 1997. The status of paddlefish, pallid sturgeon, lake sturgeon, and shovelnose sturgeon: a summary of information regarding status, distribution, and current management strategies within their present range. Mississippi Interstate Cooperative Resource Association, Bettendorf, Iowa.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 23 November 2004).
June, F.C. 1977. Reproductive Patterns in seventeen species of warmwater species in a Missouri River reservoir. Environmental Biology of Fishes 2:285-296.
Keenlyne, K.D. 1997. Life history and status of the shovelnose sturgeon, Scaphirhynchus platorynchus. Environmental Biology of Fishes 48:291-298.
Lee, D.S. 1978. Scaphirhynchus platorynchus (Rafinesque), Shovelnose sturgeon. In: D.S. Lee, et al. Atlas of North American Freshwater Fishes. p 44. N.C. State Mus. Nat. Hist., Raleigh.
Mettee, M.F., O’Neil, P.E. and Pierson, J.M. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Inc. Birmingham, Alabama.
Montana D.N.R.C. 1977. The effect of altered streamflow on fish in the Yellowstone and Tongue rivers, Montana. Yellowstone Impact Study, Tech Rept. No. 8. Prep. for The Old West Regional Commission. Montana Dept. of Natural Resources and Conservation, Billings. pp. 24-47.
Moos, R.E. 1978. Movement and reproduction of shovelnose sturgeon Scaphirhynchus platorynchus (Rafinesque) in the Missouri River, South Dakota. Ph.D. diss., Univ. of South Dakota, Vermillion. 213 pp.
National Paddlefish and Sturgeon Steering Committee. 1992. Framework for the Management of Conservation of Paddlefish and Sturgeon Species in the United States. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 12 pp.+App.
New Mexico Department of Game and Fish. 1991. Checklist of the extinct, extirpated, and vanishing wildlife in New Mexico. March 11, 1991. New Mexico Deptartment of Game and Fish, Endangered Species Program, Santa Fe.
Obrecht, J. 1996. Shovelnose sturgeon reintroduced to Bighorn Basin. Wyoming Game & Fish News, Cheyenne.
Robison, H.W. and Buchanan, T.M. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville. 536 pp.
Scott, W.B. and Crossman, E.J. 1973 Freshwater fishes of Canada. (Reprinted 1990). Bulletin of Fisheries Research Board of Canada 184.
Smith, P.W. 1979. The Fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 314 pp.
Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1968. Fishes of Alabama. Paragon Press, Montgomery. 211 pp
Sprague, J.W. 1960. Report of fisheries investigations during the fifth year of impoundment of Gavin’s Point Reservoir, South Dakota, 1959. Dingell-Johnson Project. F-1-R-9. 47 pp.
Tomelleri, J.R. and Eberle, M.E. 1990. Fishes of the Central United States. University Press of Kansas. 226 pp.
Trautman, M.B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio.
Wallace, R., Simon, T.P. and Yeager, B.L. 1990. Reproductive biology and early life history of fishes in the Ohio River drainage. Volume 1: Acipenseridae through Esocidae. Tennessee Valley Authority, Chattanoga, Tennessee, USA.
Williams, J.D. and Clemmer, G.H. 1991. Scaphirhynchus suttkusi, a new sturgeon (Pisces: Acipenseridae) from the Mobile Basin of Alabama and Mississippi. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History 10:17-31.
|Citation:||Surprenant, C. (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service). 2004. Scaphirhynchus platorynchus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T19943A9111959.Downloaded on 26 February 2018.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|