Elops saurus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Bibliography [top]

Claro, R. 1994. Características generales de la ictiofauna. In: R. Claro (ed.), Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba, pp. 55-70. Instituto de Oceanologia Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo (CIQRO), México.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 2008. Ladyfish, Elops saurus. Available at: (Accessed: 24 March).

Fraser, T.H. 1973. The fish Elops machnata in South Africa. The J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication 11.

Gehringer, J.W. 1959. Early development and metamorphosis of the ten-pounder Elops saurus Linnaeus. Fishery Bulletin 59: 618–647.

Gilmore, Jr., R.G., Donohoe, C.J., Cooke, D.W., and Herrema, D.J. 1981. Fishes of the Indian River Lagoon and adjacent waters, Florida. Harbor Branch Foundation Technical Report 41.

Harrington, R.W. and Harrington, E.S. 1960. Food of larval and young tarpon, Megalops atlanticus. Copeia 3: 11-319.

Hildebrand, S.F. 1943. Notes on the affinity, anatomy and development of Elops saurus Linnaeus. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science 33: 90-94.

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2012).

McBride, R.S. and Horodysky, A.Z. 2004. Mechanisms maintaining sympatric distributions of two ladyfish (Elopidae: Elops) morphs in the Gulf of Mexico and western North Atlantic Ocean. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1173–1181.

McBride, R.S., MacDonald, T.C., Matheson, Jr., R.E., Rydene, D.A., and Hood, P.B. 2001. Nursery habitats for ladyfish, Elops saurus, along salinity gradients in two Florida estuaries. Fishery Bulletin 99: 443-458.

McBride, R.S., Rocha, C.R., Ruiz-Carus, R. and Bowen, B. 2010. A new species of ladyfish, of the genus Elops (Elopiformes: Elopidae), from the western Atlantic Ocean. Zootaxa 2346: 29–41.

Palko, B.J. 1984. An evaluation of hard parts for age determination of pompano (Trachinotus carolinus), ladyfish (Elops saurus), crevalle jack (Caranx hippos), gulf flounder (Paralichthys albigutta), and southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma). . NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFC 132: 11.

Sekavec, G.B. 1971. Gross morphology of the digestive tract of the ladyfish, Elops saurus. Chesapeake Science 12: 275-276.

Smith, D.G. 1989. Order Elopiformes; Families Elopidae, Megalopidae, and Albulidae: Leptocephali. Memoir Sears Foundation for Marine Research. Number I. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Part Nine, pp. 961–972. Sears Foundation for Marine Research. Yale University, New Haven.

Wheeler, E.P. 2000. Age and developmental stage at recruitment of ladyfish, Elops saurus . Florida Institute of Technology.

Citation: Adams, A., Guindon, K., Horodysky, A., MacDonald, T., McBride, R., Shenker, J. & Ward, R. 2012. Elops saurus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T191822A2006513. . Downloaded on 18 August 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided