Prionailurus bengalensis 


Bibliography [top]

Brodie, J. and Giordano, A. 2011. Small carnivores of the Maliau Basin, Sabah, Borneo, including a new locality for the Hose’s Civet Diplogale hosei. Small Carnivore Conservation 44: 1–6.

Cheyne, S.M. and Macdonald, D.W. 2011. Wild felid diversity and activity patterns in Sabangau peat-swamp forest, Indonesian Borneo. Oryx 45: 119-124.

Chua, M.A.H. 2013. Ecology and conservation of the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis (Kerr, 1792)(mammalia: carnivora: felidae) in Singapore. MSc thesis. University of Singapore.

Coudrat, C.N.Z., Nanthavong, C., Sayavong, S., Johnson, A., Johnston, J. and Robichaud, W.G. 2014b. Low abundance of small medium-sized wild cat species in large primary forests: a case study of Nakai-Nam Theun National Protected Area, Lao PDR. IUCN/SSC Cat News Special Issue 8: 45-52.

Coudrat, C.N.Z., Nanthavong, C., Sayavong, S., Johnson, A., Johnston, J.B. and Robichaud, W.G. 2014a. Conservation importance of Nakai-Nam Theun National Protected Area, Laos, for small carnivores based on camera trap data. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 62: 31-49.

Duckworth, J.W., Poole, C.M., Tizard, R.J., Walston, J.L. and Timmins, R.J. 2005. The Jungle Cat Felis chaus in Indochina: A threatened population of a widespread and adaptable species. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 1263-1280.

Duckworth, J.W., Salter, R.E. and Khounbline, K. 1999. Wildlife in Lao PDR: 1999 Status Report. IUCN, Vientiane, Laos.

Ghimirey, Y. and Ghimire, B. 2010. Leopard Cat at high altitude in Makalu-Barun National Park, Nepal. Cat News 52: 16-17.

Giman, B., Stuebig, R., Megum, N., McShea, W.J. and Stewart, C.M. 2007. A camera trapping inventory for mammals in a mixed use planted forest in Sarawak. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 55(1): 209-215.

Grassman Jr, L.I., Tewes, M.E., Silvy, N.J. and Kreetiyutanont, K. 2005. Spatial organization and diet of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in north-central Thailand. Journal of Zoology (London) 266: 45-54.

Gray, T.N.E., Channa, P., Chanrattanak, P. and Sovanna, P. 2014. The status of jungle cat and sympatric small cats in Cambodia’s Eastern Plains. Cat News 8.

Groves, C.P. 1997. Leopard-cats, Prionailurus bengalensis (Carnivora: Felidae) from Indonesia and the Philippines, with the description of two new species. Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 62: 330 pp.

Gumal, M., Salleh, A.B.B.M., Yasak, M.N., Horng, L.S., Lee, B.P.Y-H., Pheng, L.C., Hamzah, H., Kong, D., Magintan, D., Yung D.T.C., Zalaluddin, A.Z.B., Azmi, A.B., Khalid, N.B., Yen, T.P., Mufeng, V., Meng, F.C.F., and Ng, S. 2014. Small-medium wild cats of Endau Rompin Landscape in Johor Peninsular Malaysia. Cat News 8: 10-18.

Habibi, K. 2003. Mammals of Afghanistan. Zoo Outreach Organisation/USFWS, Coimbatore, India.

Haines, A.M., Grassman Jr., L.I. and Tewes, M.E. 2004. Survival of radiocollared adult leopard cats Prionailurus bengalensis in Thailand. Acta Theriologica 49: 349-356.

Hansen, M.C., Potapov, P.V., Moore, R., Hancher, M., Turubanova, S.A., Tyukavina, A., Thau, D., Stehman, S.V., Goetz, S.J., Loveland, T.R., Kommareddy, A., Egorov, A., Chini, L., Justice, C.O. and Townsend, J.R.G. 2013. High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change. Available at: (Accessed: 2014).

Holden, J. 2001. Small cats in Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Cat News 35: 11-14.

Imaizumi, Y. 1967. A new genus and species of cat from Iriomote, Ryukyu Islands. Journal of the Mammalogical Society of Japan 3(4): 74.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: (Accessed: 19 November 2015).

Izawa, M., Doi, T., Okamura, M., Nakanishi, N., Murayama, A., Hiyama, T., Oh, D., Teranishi, A. and Suzuki, A. 2007. Toward the survival of two endangered felid species of Japan. In: J. Hughes and R. Mercer (eds), Felid biology and conservation conference 17-20 September: Abstracts, pp. 120-121. WildCRU, Oxford, UK.

Johnson, W.E., Ashiki, F.S., Menotti R.M., Driscoll, C., Leh, C., Sunquist, M., Johnston, L., Bush, M., Wildt, D., Yuhki, N., O'Brien, S.J. and Wasse, S.P. 1999. Molecular genetic characterization of two insular Asian cat species, Bornean Bay cat and Iriomote cat. Evolutionary Theory and Process: Modern perspectives, Papers in Honour of Evivatar Nevo, pp. 223. Kulwer Academic Publisher.

Kerley, L. and Borisenko, M.M. 2013. New locations for the leopard cat in the Russian Far East. Cat News 59: 20-21.

Lamichhane, B.R., Dhakal, M., Subedi, N. and Pokheral, C.P. 2014. Clouded leopard co-exist with other five felids in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Cat News 61: 30-32.

Lorica, M. and Heaney, L. 2013. Survival of a native mammalian carnivore, the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis Kerr, 1792 (Carnivora: Felidae), in an agricultural landscape on an oceanic Philippine island. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5: 4451-4460.

Luo, S.-J., Zhang, Y., Johnson, W.E., Miao, L., Martelli, P., Antunes, A., Smith, J.L.D. and O'Brien, S.J. 2014. Sympatric Asian felid phylogeography reveals a major Indochinese–Sundaic divergence. Molecular Ecology 23: 2072-2092.

Lynam, A.J., Jenks, K.E., Tantipisanuh, N., Chutipong, W., Ngoprasert, D., Gale, G.A., Steinmetz, R., Sukmasuang, R., Bhumpakphan, N., Grassman, L.I., Jr., Cutter, P., Kitamura, S., Reed, D.H., Baker, M.C., McShea, W., Songsasen, N. and Leimgruber, P. 2013. Terrestrial activity patterns of wild cats from camera-trapping. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61: 407-415.

Lynam, A. J., Round, P. D. and Brockelman, W. Y. 2006. Status of birds and large mammals in Thailand's Dong Phayayen - Khao Yai Forest Complex. Biodiversity Research and Training, Bangkok, Thailand.

Masuda, R. and Yoshida, M.C. 1995. Two Japanese wildcats, the Tsushima cat and the Iriomote cat, show the same mitochondrial DNA lineage as the leopard cat Felis bengalensis. Zoological Science 12: 655-659.

Mathai, J., Hon, J., Juat, N., Peter, A. and Gumal, M. 2010. Small carnivores in a logging concession in the Upper Baram, Sarawak, Borneo. Small Carnivore Conservation 42: 1–9.

McCarthy, J.L. 2013. Conservation and ecology of four sympatric felid species in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. University of Massachusetts Amherst.

McCarthy, J.L., Wibisonobo, H.T., McCarthy, K.P., Fuller, T.K. and Andayani, N. 2015. Assessing the distribution and habitat use of four felid species in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Global Ecology and Conservation 3: 210-221.

Mohamed, A., Samejima, H. and Wilting, A. 2009. Records of five Bornean cat species from Deramakot Forest Reserve in Sabah, Malaysia. Cat News 51: 12-15.

Mohamed, A., Sollmann, R., Bernard, H., Ambu, L.N., Lagan, P., Mannan, S., Hofer, H. and Wilting, A. 2013. Density and habitat use of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in three commercial forest reserves in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Journal of Mammalogy 94: 82-89.

Mukherjee, S., Krishnan, A., Tamma, K., Home, C., Navya, R., Joseph, S., Das, A. and Ramakrishnan, U. 2010. Ecology Driving Genetic Variation: A Comparative Phylogeography of Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) and Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in India. PloS one 5.

Nowell, K. and Jackson, P. 1996. Wild Cats. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Punjabi, G.A., Paranjape, A. and Shetgaonkar, A.A. 2014. Recent photographic records of the leopard cat from northern Western Ghats, India. Cat News 61: 19-20.

Pusparini, W., Wibisono, H.T., Reddy, G.V., Tarmizi, T. and Bharata, P. 2014. Small and medium sized cats in Gunung Leuser National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Cat News Special Issue(8): 4-9.

Rabinowitz, A. 1990. Notes on the behavior and movements of leopard cats, Felis bengalensis, in a dry tropical forest mosaic in Thailand. Biotropica 22: 397-403.

Rajaratnam, R. 2000. Ecology of the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis in Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Sabah, Malaysia. PhD Thesis, Universiti Kabangsaan Malaysia.

Rajaratnam, R., Sunquist, M., Rajaratnam, L. and Ambu, L. 2007. Diet and habitat selection of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis) in an agricultural landscape in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ecology 23: 209-217.

Ross, J., Hearn, A.J., Bernard, H., Secoy, K. and Macdonald, D. 2010. A framework for a Wild Cat Action Plan for Sabah. Global Canopy Programme, Oxford.

Saxena, A. and Rajvanshi, A. 2014. Diurnal activity of leopard cat in Rajaji National Park, India. Cat News 61: 21.

Schmidt, K., Nakanishi, N., Okamura, M., Doi, T. and Izawa, M. 2003. Movements and use of home range in the Iriomote cat (Prionailurus bengalensis irimotensis). 261: 273.

Seto, K.C., Güneralp, B. and Hutyra, L.R. 2012. Global forecasts of urban expansion to 2030 and direct impacts on biodiversity and carbon pools. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109: 16083-16088.

Shehzad, W., Riaz, T., Nawaz, M.A., Miquel, C., Poillot, C., Shah, S.A., Pompanon, F., Coissac, E. and Taberlet, P. 2012. Carnivore diet analysis based on next-generation sequencing: application to the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in Pakistan. Molecular Ecology 21: 1951-1965.

Simcharoen, S., Umponjan, M., Duangchantrasiri, S. and Pattanavibool, A. 2014. Non-Panthera cat records from big cat monitoring in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary. Cat News Special Issue 8: 31-35.

Srivathsa, A., Parameshwaran, R., Sharma, S. and Karanth, K.U. 2015. Estimating population sizes of leopard cats in the Western Ghats using camera surveys. Journal of Mammalogy.

Sunquist, M. and Sunquist, F. 2002. Wild Cats of the World. University of Chicago Press.

Tantipisanuh, N., Chutipong, W., Ngoprasert, D., Lynam, A.J., Steinmetz, R., Sukmasuang, R., Jenks, K.E., Grassman, L.I., Jr., Cutter, P., Kitamura, S., Baker, M.C., McShea, W., Bhumpakphan, N., Gale, G.A. and Reed, D.H. 2014. Recent distribution records, threats and conservation priorities of small cats in Thailand. Cat News Speical Issue 8: 36-44.

Tempa, T., Hebblewhite, M., Mills, L.S., Wangchuk, T.R., Norbu, N., Wangchuk, T., Nidup, T., Dendup, P., Wangchuk, D. and Wangdi, Y. 2013. Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan: a hot spot for wild felids. Oryx 47: 207-210.

Than, Z., Myint, T., Htun, S., Po, S.H.T., Latt, K.T., Maung, M. and Lynam, A.J. 2014. Status and distribution of smaller cats in Myanmar. Cat News 8: 24-30.

The International Cat Association. Bengal. Available at: (Accessed: 17th September 2012).

Willcox, D.H.A., Tran, Q.P., Hoang, M.D. and Nguyen, T.T.A. 2014. The decline of non-Panthera cat species in Vietnam. Cat News Special Issue 8: 53–61.

Wozencraft, W.C. 2005. Order Carnivora. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third Edition, pp. 532-628. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Yasuda, M., Matsubayashi, H., Rustam, Numata, S., Sukor, J.R.A. and Abu Bakar, S. 2007. Recent records by camera traps in Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. Cat News 47: 14-16.

Yue, S., Brodie, J.F., Zipkin, E.F. and Bernard, H. In press. Oil palm plantations fail to support mammal biodiversity. Ecological Applications.

Yu, J. 2010. Leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis. Cat News Special Issue 5: 26-29.

Citation: Ross, J., Brodie, J., Cheyne, S., Hearn, A., Izawa, M., Loken, B., Lynam, A., McCarthy, J., Mukherjee, S., Phan, C., Rasphone, A. & Wilting, A. 2015. Prionailurus bengalensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T18146A50661611. . Downloaded on 01 December 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided