Pleurobema pyriforme 

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Bibliography [top]

Brim Box, J. and Williams, J.D. 2000. Unionid mollusks of the Apalachicola Basin in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. Alabama Museum of Natural History Bulletin 21: 1-143.

Gagnon, P., W. Michener, M. Freeman, and J. Brim Box. 2006. Unionid Habitat and Assemblage Composition in Coastal Plain Tributaries of Flint River (Georgia). Southeastern Naturalist 5(1): 31-52.

Golladay, S.W., Gagnon, P., Kearns, M., Battle, J.M. and Hicks, D.W. 2002. Changes in Mussel Assemblage Composition in the Lower Flint River Basin from 1999 to 2001: An Assessment of the Impacts of 2000 Drought. Project Report 50. Georgia Department of Natural Resources Environmental Protection Division Georgia Geologic Survey, Atlanta.

Graf, D.L. and Cummings, K.S. 2011. The MUSSEL Project Database: MUSSELp. Available at: (Accessed: 5 August 2015).

Haag, W.R. and Rypel, A.L. 2011. Growth and longevity in freshwater mussels: evolutionary and conservation implications. Biological Reviews 86(1): 225-247.

Haag, W.R. and Staton, J.L. 2003. Variation in fecundity and other reproductive traits in freshwater mussels. Freshwater Biology 48: 2118-2130.

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2012).

Mirarchi R.E., Garner J.T., Mettee and O'Neil P.E. 2004. Imperiled Aquatic Mollusks and Fishes. Alabama Wildlife 2.

NatureServe. 2009. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. Internet

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1998. Determination of Endangered Status for five freshwater mussels and Threatened status for two freshwater mussels from the eastern Gulf Slope drainages of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. Final Rule. Federal Register, 63 (50).

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2003. Agency draft recovery plan for endangered fat threeridge (Amblema neislerii), shinyrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata), gulf moccasinshell (Medionidus penicillatus), ochlockonee moccasinshell (Medionidus simpsonianus), oval pigtoe (Pleurobema pyriforme) and threatened chipola slabshell (Elliptio chipolaensis), and purple bankclimber (Elliptoideus sloatianus). In: Butler, R.S., Ziewitz, J., Alam, S.K. and Blalock-Herod, H.N. (eds). US Fish and Widllife Service (USFWS), Atlanta, Georgia.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2006. Endangered and Threatned Wildlife and Plants; Critical Habitat for five endangered and two threatened mussels in four northeast Gulf of Mexico drainages; proposed rule. Federal Register 71(108): 32746-32795.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2007. Fat threeridge (Amblema neislerii), shinrayed pocketbook (Lampsilis subangulata), gulf moccasinshell (Medionidus penicillatus), Ochlockonee moccasinshell (Medionidus simpsonianus), oval pigtoe (), Chipola slabshell (Elliptio chipolaensis), purple bankclimber (Elliptoideus sloatianus): five-year review. U.S. FIsh and Wildlife Service Southeast Region, Panama City Field Office, Panama City, Florida, USA.

van der Schalie, H. 1940. The naiad fauna of the Chipola River, in northwestern Florida. Lloydia 3(3): 191-206.

Williams J.D. and Butler R.S. 1994. Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida: Invertebrates.In: Deyrup M. (ed.), pp. 53-128. University Press of Florida.

Williams, J.D., Warren, M.L.Jr., Cummings, K.S., Harris, J.L. and Neves, R.J. in press. Conservation status of freshwater mussels of North America and Mexico.

Citation: Cummings, K. & Cordeiro, J. 2012. Pleurobema pyriforme. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T17690A1452398. . Downloaded on 20 May 2018.
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