Alikunhi, K.H. and Rao, S.N. 1951. Notes on the metamorphosis of Elops saurus Linn, and Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet) with observations on their growth. Journal of the Zoological Society of India 3: 99-109.
Cha, M.W., Young, L. and Wong, K.M. 1997. The fate of traditional extensive (gei wai) shrimp farming at the Mai Po Marshes Nature Reserve, Hong Kong. Hydrobiologia 352: 295-303.
Crook, B.J.S. and Mann, B.Q. 2002. A critique of and recommendations for a subsistence fishery, Lake St Lucia, South Africa. Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 1223-1225.
Eschmeyer, W.N. and Fong, J.D. 2008. Species by Family/subfamily in the Catalog of Fishes . Available at: http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp. (Accessed: March 29, 2011).
Garcia, A.M. and Vieira, J. 2002. The link between El Niño, freshwater outflow and the dynamics of an estuarine fish assemblage in south Brazil. In: Shepton Mallet: Wood and Woods (eds), Bulletin Number 41. Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association.
Garcia, A.M., Vieira, J.P. and Winemiller, K.O. 2001. Dynamics of the shallow-water fish assemblage of the Patos Lagoon Estuary (Brazil) during cold and warm ENSO episodes. Journal of Fish Biology 59: 1218-1238.
Harrison, T.D., Whitfield, A.K. 2006. Estuarine typology and the structuring of fish communities in South Africa. Environmental Biology of Fishes 75: 269-293.
International Game Fish Association (IGFA). 2001. Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 17 October 2012).
Kemp, L.V., Branch, G.M., Attwood, C.A. and Lamberth, S.J. 2009. The ‘fishery’ in South Africa’s remaining coastal stonewall fish traps. African Journal of Marine Science 31: 55-62.
Mann, B.Q. and Radebe, P.V. 1999. Elops machnata. In: B.Q. Mann (ed.), Southern African Marine Linefish Status Reports, pp. 265. South African Association for Marine Biological Research, Marine Parade.
Mann, B.Q., James, N.C. and L.E. Beckley. 2002. An assessment of the recreational fishery in the St Lucia estuarine system, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. South African Journal of Marine Science 24: 263-279.
Marais, J.F.K. 1984. Feeding ecology of major carnivorous fish from four eastern Cape estuaries. South African Journal of Zoology 19(3): 210-223.
Martin, T.J., Cyprus, D.P. and Forbes, A.T. 1992. Episodic events: the effects of cyclonic flushing on the ichthyoplankton of St. Lucia estuary on the southeast coast of Africa. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research 30: 273-278.
Mwandya, A.W., Gullström, M., Öhman, M.C., Andersson, M.H., Mgaya, Y.D. 2009. Fish assemblages in Tanzanian mangrove creek systems influenced by solar salt farm constructions. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 82(2): 193–200.
Pradervand, P. and Baird, D. 2002. Assessment of the recreational linefishery in selected Eastern Cape estuaries: trends in catches and effort. South African Journal of Marine Science 24: 87-101.
Smith, M.M. and Heemstra, P.C. 1986. Smith's Sea Fishes. Spinger-Verlag, Grahamstown.
Ter Morshuizen, L.D., Whitfield, A.K. and Paterson, A.W. 1996. Influence of freshwater flow regime on fish assemblages in the Great Fish River and estuary. South African Journal of Aquatic Sciences 22: 52-61.
Whitfield, A.K. 2005. Preliminary documentation and assessment of fish diversity in sub-Saharan African estuaries. African Journal of Marine Science 27: 307-324.
Whitfield, A.K. and Blaber, S.J.M. 1978. Food and feeding ecology of piscivorous fishes at Lake St Lucia, Zululand. Journal of Fish Biology 13(6): 675–691.
Whitfield, A.K. and Harrison, T.D. 2003. River flow and fish abundance in a South African estuary. Journal of Fish Biology 62: 1467-1472.
Whitfield, A.K. and Paterson, A.W. 1995. Flood-associated mass mortality of fishes in the Sundays estuary . Water South Africa 21: 385-389.
Whitfield, A.K., Taylor, R.H., Fox, C. and Cyrus, D.P. 2006. Fishes and salinities in the St Lucia system — a review. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 16: 1-20.
|Citation:||Adams, A., Guindon, K., Horodysky, A., MacDonald, T., McBride, R., Shenker, J. & Ward, R. 2012. Elops machnata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 May 2015.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|