Papaver laestadianum 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Papaverales Papaveraceae

Scientific Name: Papaver laestadianum Nordh.
Papaver radicatum Rottb. ssp. laestadianum Nordh.
Taxonomic Notes: Accepted name in Flora Norsk is: Papaver radicatum ssp. laestadianum.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-03-16
Assessor(s): Bilz, M. & Ericsson, S.
Reviewer(s): Aronsson, M. & Lutz, M.L.
European regional assessment: Vulnerable (VU) B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v)
EU 27 regional assessment: Near Threatened (NT)

This Scandinavian endemic plant has an extent of occurrence (EOO) of less than 5,000 km² and the area of occupancy (AOO) is less than 500 km². It is globally known from six to seven locations in Norway and two in Sweden. It has been estimated that the Swedish and Norwegian populations have around 2,000 mature individuals. In Sweden, the population trend is stable and there are no threats whereas in Norway, climate change and raising temperature have led the habitat and the species to decline. It is therefore assessed as Vulnerable at European and global level.

In the EU 27, the species is only found in Sweden, where the extent of occurrence is 73 km² and the area of occupancy is probably 20 km². It is found at two localities with 1,000 mature individuals in total. But the populations have a stable trend and there are no current threats to this species. Therefore, it is assessed as Near Threatened (B1a+B2a; D1).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This plant is endemic to Norway and Sweden.

Its EOO in Sweden is 73 km² (Commission of the European Communities 2009). The AOO for Sweden is probably 20 km². In Norway, the EOO is less than 5,000 km² and the AOO is less than 500 km² (Artsdatabanken 2010). As the numbers in Sweden are quite low, it is suspected that for both countries the EOO and AOO fall below the same threshold.

The species is globally known from six to seven locations in inner Troms and two in Sweden (Artsdatabanken 2010). The Norwegian localities are in Balsfjord (Sohtungaisi), Målselv (Isdal Mountains) and Storfjord (Favresvarri, Markusfjellet, Paras, Gasskamus and Barras).

Countries occurrence:
Norway; Sweden
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:500
Number of Locations:9
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:In Sweden, it has been estimated that the population is around 1,000 individuals (Commission of the European Communities 2009) and the population trend is stable. In Norway, the population at Markusfjellet has approximately 1,000 individuals and the other populations are smaller. The overall number of mature individuals is between 250 and 1,000 in Norway. The overall population is declining (Artsdatabanken 2010).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:2000Continuing decline of mature individuals:Yes
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This perennial plant is present in alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no threats to this species in Sweden. For Norway, climate change has been named as a threat as the species habitat is vulnerable to temperature increase (Artsdatabanken).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Papaver laestadianum is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive.

In Sweden, only the species Papaver radicatum has been assessed as Near Threatened and is protected (ArtDatabanken 2010). In Norway, it is classed as Vulnerable B1a(ii)b(iii)+2a(ii)b(iii); D1 (Artsdatabanken 2010).

Classifications [top]

4. Grassland -> 4.1. Grassland - Tundra
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
  Included in international legislation:Yes
11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.3. Temperature extremes
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

Bibliography [top]

ArtDatabanken. 2010. Artfakta. Stockholm Available at:

Artsdatabanken. 2010. Red List Database (Informasjon om rødlistede arter er nå i Artsportalen). Trondheim Available at:

Commission of the European Communities. 2009. Composite Report on the Conservation Status of Habitat Types and Species as required under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive. Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. Brussels.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: (Accessed: 30 June 2017).

Citation: Bilz, M. & Ericsson, S. 2011. Papaver laestadianum. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T161870A5507147. . Downloaded on 26 May 2018.
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