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Heteronarce garmani

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Bibliography [top]

Carvalho, M.R. de, McCord, M.E. and Myers, R.A. 2007. Narcine bancroftii. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org.

Compagno, L.J.V., Ebert, D.A. and Smale,, M.J. 1989. Guide to the sharks and rays of southern Africa. New Holland (Publ.) Ltd, London.

Fennessy, S.T. 1994. Incidental capture of elasmobranchs by commercial prawn trawlers on the Tugela Bank, Natal, South Africa. South African Journal of Marine Science 14: 287-296.

Heemstra, P.C. 1995.. Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. In: In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) (eds), Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes., pp. p. v - xv.. Springer-Verlag,, Berlin.

Heemstra, P.C., Frickeb, F., Hissmannb, K., Schauerb, K, Smale, M. and Sinkd, K. 2006.. Interactions of fishes with particular reference to coelacanths in the canyons at Sodwana Bay and the St Lucia Marine Protected Area of South Africa. South African Journal of Science 102:: 461- 465.

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).

Japp, D.W. 1997.. Discarding practices and bycatches for fisheries in the southeast Atlantic region (Area 47). In. FAO Fisheries Report, pp. 338 pp..

Japp. D.W. 1999. Management of Elasmobranch Fisheries in South Africa. In: Shotton, R. (ed.), Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries, pp. 1–479. FAO, Rome.

Japp, D.W. 2006.. Country review: South Africa. In: In: De Young, C. (ed.) (ed.), Review of the state of world marine capture fisheries management: Indian Ocean., pp. 437- 445.. FAO,, Rome.

Shepherd, T.D. and Myers, R.A. 2005. Direct and indirect fishery effects on small coastal elasmobranchs in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Ecology Letters 8: 1095-1104.

Smith, M.M. and Heemstra, P.C. 1995. Smith's Sea Fishes. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown.

Wood, L.J. 2007. MPA Global: a database of the world's marine protected areas. Available at: www.mpaglobal.org.


Citation: de Carvalho, M.R. & McCord, M.E. 2009. Heteronarce garmani. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.
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