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Leucoraja ocellata

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Bibliography [top]

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Frisk, M.G., Miller, T.J., and Fogarty, M.J. 2002. The population dynamics of little skate Leucoraja erinacea, winter skate Leucoraja ocellata, and barndoor skate Dipturus laevis: predicting exploitation limits using matrix analyses. ICES Journal of Marine Science 59: 576-586.

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).

McEachran, J.D. 2002.. Rajidae: Skates. In: In: Carpenter, K. E. (ed.). (ed.), The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 1: Introduction, molluscs, crustaceans, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes and chimaeras., pp. 531-561.. FAO,, Rome.

McEachran, J.D. and Martin, C.O. 1977. Possible occurrence of character displacement in the sympatric skate Raja erinacea and Raja ocellata (Pisces: Rajidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 2: 121-130.

McEachran, J.D., Boesch, D.F. and Musick, J.A. 1976.. Food division within two sympatric species-pairs of skates (Pisces: Rajidae). Marine Biology 35: 301-317.

NEFMC (New England Fishery Management Council). 2007. Winter and Thorny final PDT report. New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC), 50 water street, MIL 2, Newburyport, MA 01950.

NEFSC (Northeast Fisheries Science Center). 2000. 30th Northeast Regional Stock Assessment Workshop. NEFSC, 166 Water Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543-1026, USA.

Packer, D.B., Zetlin, C.A. and Vitaliano, J.J. 2003. Thorny skate, Amblyraja radiata, Life History and Habitat Characteristics. NOAA Technical Report NMFS-NE.

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Simon, J.E. and Frank, K.T. 2000. Assessment of winter skate fishery in Division 4VsW. DFO Research Document.

Simon, J.E., Harris, L.E. and Johnson, T.L. 2003. Distribution and abundance of winter skate, Leucoraja ocellata, in the Canadian Atlantic. DFO Atlantic Fisheries Research Document.

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Sulikowski, J.A., Morin, M.D., Suk, S.H., and Howell, W.H. 2003. Age and growth of the winter skate, Leucoraja ocellata, in the Gulf of Maine. Fisheries Bulletin 101(2): 405-413.

Sulikowski, J.A., Tsang, P.C. and Howell, W.H. 2005. Age and size at sexual maturity for the winter skate, Leucoraja ocellata, in the western Gulf of Maine based on morphological, histological and steroid hormone analyses. Environmental Biology of Fishes 72(4): 429-441.

Vladykov, V.D. 1936. Capsules d?oeufs de raies de l?Atlantique canadien appartenant au genre Raja. Nature Canadian 63: 211-231.


Citation: Kulka, D.W., Sulikowski, J. & Gedamke, T. 2009. Leucoraja ocellata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 September 2014.
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