Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.
Buss, K. 1961. A literature survey of the life history and culture of the northern pike. Benner Spring Fisheries Research Station Special Purpose Report. Pennsylvania Fish Commission.
Carbine, W.F. 1942. Observations on the life history of the northern pike, Esox lucius L., in Houghton Lake, Michigan. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 71(1941): 149-164.
Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, Pennsylvania.
Crossman, E.J. and Casselman, J.M. 1987. An annotated bibliography of the pike, Esox lucius (Osteichthyes: Salmoniformes). Royal Ontario Museum.
Harlan, J.R., Speaker, E.B. and Mayhew, J. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa.
Holton, G.D. and Johnson, H.E. 2003. A field guide to Montana fishes. Montana Fish and Wildlife, and Parks, Helena, MT.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).
Lee, D.S., Gilbert, C.R., Hocutt, C.H., Jenkins, R.E., McAllister, D.E. and Stauffer, J.R. Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina.
Nelson, J.S., Crossman, E.J., Espinosa-Perez, H., Findley, L.T., Gilbert, C.R., Lea, R.N. and Williams, J.D. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
Owen, J.B., Elsen, D.S. and Russell, G.W. 1981. Distribution of fishes in North and South Dakota basins affected by the Garrison Diversion Unit. University of North Dakota Press, Grand Forks, ND.
Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, Massachusetts.
Pflieger, W.L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Columbia, Missouri.
Raat, A.J.P. 1988. Synopsis of biological data on the northern pike Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society.
Scott, W.B. and Crossman, E.J. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin 184, Ottawa, Canada.
Smith, C.L. 1983. Fishes of New York (maps and printout of a draft section on scarce fishes of New York).
Smith, P.W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.
Sublette, J.E., Hatch, M.D and Sublette, M. 1990. The fishes of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Threinen, C.W., Wistrom, C., Apelgren, B. and Snow, H. 1966. The northern pike, life history, ecology, and management. Wis. Conserv. Dep. Publ. No 235: 235.
Trautman, M.B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio.
|Citation:||NatureServe. 2013. Esox lucius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T135631A15363638.Downloaded on 17 August 2017.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|