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Hydrurga leptonyx

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Bibliography [top]

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Borsa, P. 1990. Seasonal occurrence of the leopard seal, Hydrurga leptonyx, in Kerguelen Islands. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 405-408.

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Kooyman, G. L. 1981. Leopard seal Hydrurga leptonyx Blainville, 1820. In: S. H. Ridgway and R. Harrison (eds), Handbook of marine mammals, pp. 261-274. Academic Press, London, UK.

Laws, R. M. 1984. Seals. In: R. M. Laws (ed.), Antarctic Ecology, pp. 621-715. Academic Press, London, UK.

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Rice, D.W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World. Systematics and Distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy, Lawrence, Kansas.

Rogers, T. L. 2002. Leopard seal Hydrurga leptonyx. In: W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig and J. G. M. Thewissen (eds), Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, pp. 692-694. Academic Press.

Rounseveld, D. and Eberhard, I. 1980. Leopard seals, Hydrurga leptonyx (Pinnipedia), at Macquarie Island from 1949 to 1979. Australian Wildlife Research 7: 403-415.

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Southwell, C., Kerry, K., Ensor, P., Woehler, E. J. and Rogers, T. 2003. The timing of pupping by pack-ice seals in East Antarctica. Polar Biology 26: 648-652.

Southwell, C., Paxton, C. G. M., Rogers, T., Borchers, D. L., Boveng, P. and de la Mare, W. K. 2008. Uncommon or cryptic? Challenges in estimating leopard seal abundance by conventional but state-of-the-art methods. Deep Sea Research 55(4): 519-531.


Citation: Southwell, C. (IUCN SSC Pinniped Specialist Group) 2008. Hydrurga leptonyx. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 September 2014.
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