Hirudo medicinalis 

Scope: Global

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Bibliography [top]

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IUCN. 1990. 1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

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Sawyer, R.T. 1981. Why we need to save the medicinal leech. Oryx 16: 165-168.

Siddall, M. E., Trontelj, P., Utevsky, S.Y., Nkamany, M., Macdonald III, K.S. 2007. Diverse molecular data demonstrate that commercially available medicinal leeches are not Hirudo medicinalis. Proceedings of The Royal Society 274: 1481-1487.

Trontelj, P. and Utevsky, S.Y. 2005. Celebrity with a neglected taxonomy: molecular systematics of the medicinal leech (genus Hirudo). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 616-624.

Trontelj, P. and Utevsky, S.Y. 2012. Phylogeny and phylogeography of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo): Fast dispersal and shallow genetic structure. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63(474-485).

Utevsky, S., Zagmajster, M., Atemasov, A., Zinenko, O., Utevska O., Utevsky, A., Trontelj , P. 2010. Distribution and status of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo) in the Western Palaearctic: anthropogenic, ecological, or historical effects? Aquatic Conservation: Marine And Freshwater Ecosystems 20: 198-210.

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Citation: Utevsky, S., Zagmajster, M. & Trontelj, P. 2014. Hirudo medicinalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T10190A21415816. . Downloaded on 01 October 2016.
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