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Hirudo medicinalis

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Bibliography [top]

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 1990. 1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

Petrauskienė, L., Utevska, O., Utevsky, S. 2011. Reproductive biology and ecological strategies of three species of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo). Journal of Natural History 45: 737-747.

Sawyer, R.T. 1981. Why we need to save the medicinal leech. Oryx 16: 165-168.

Siddall, M. E., Trontelj, P., Utevsky, S.Y., Nkamany, M., Macdonald III, K.S. 2007. Diverse molecular data demonstrate that commercially available medicinal leeches are not Hirudo medicinalis. Proceedings of The Royal Society 274: 1481-1487.

Trontelj, P. and Utevsky, S.Y. 2005. Celebrity with a neglected taxonomy: molecular systematics of the medicinal leech (genus Hirudo). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 616-624.

Trontelj, P. and Utevsky, S.Y. 2012. Phylogeny and phylogeography of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo): Fast dispersal and shallow genetic structure. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63(474-485).

Utevsky, S., Zagmajster, M., Atemasov, A., Zinenko, O., Utevska O., Utevsky, A., Trontelj , P. 2010. Distribution and status of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo) in the Western Palaearctic: anthropogenic, ecological, or historical effects? Aquatic Conservation: Marine And Freshwater Ecosystems 20: 198-210.

Wells, S.M., Pyle, R.M. and Collins, N.M. (compilers) 1983. The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.


Citation: Utevsky, S., Zagmajster, M. & Trontelj, P. 2014. Hirudo medicinalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 August 2014.
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