Hippotragus niger


Bibliography [top]

East, R. 1999. African Antelope Database 1999. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Estes, R. D. In press. Hippotragus niger. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Grobler, J. P. and Van der Bank, F. H. 1994. Genetic heterogeneity in sable antelope (Hippotragus niger Harris 1838) from four southern African regions. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 22: 781-789.

Pitra, C. , Hansen, A. J., Lieckfeldt, D. and Arctander, P. 2002. An exceptional case of historical outbreeding in African sable antelope populations. Molecular Ecology 11: 1197-1208.

Vaz Pinto, P. 2006. Hybridization in Giant Sable: a conservation crisis in a critically endangered Angolan icon. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group Gnusletter 25(2): 14-16.

Wilson, D. E. and Hirst, S. 1977. Ecology and factors limiting roan and sable antelope populations in South Africa. Wildlife Monographs 54: 1-109.

Citation: IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Hippotragus niger. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 27 March 2015.
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