Associated Press. 2003. Hippo population decimated in Burundi, Aloys Niyoyita.
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Cole, M. 1992. Zimbabwe’s hippos threatened by drought. New Scientist 134(1817): 9.
Games, I. 1990. A survey of hippopotamus in the Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania. Report to the Director of Wildlife, Tanzania.
Hillman Smith, A. K., Merode, E., Smith, F., Ndey, A., Mushenzi, N. and Mboma, G. 2003. Virunga National Park – North Aerial Census of March 2003. Unpublished report ICCN, ZSL, FZL, IRF, USFWS.
IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).
Jacobsen, N. H. G. and Kleynhaus, C. J. 1993. The importance of weirs as refugia for hippopotamus and crocodiles in the Limpopo River, South Africa. Water South Africa 19: 301-306.
Kayanja, F. I. B. 1989. The reproductive biology of the male hippopotamus. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London 61: 181-186.
Lewison, R. L. 2007. Population responses to natural and human-mediated disturbances: Assessing the vulnerability of the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius). African Journal of Ecology 45: 407-415.
Manlius, N. 2000. Biogéographie et Ecologie historique de l’hippopotame en Egypte. Belgian Journal of Zoology 130: 59-66.
Mwanika, V. B., Siegismundo, H. R., Bosco, J., Okello, A., Masembe, C., Arctander, P. and Nyakaana, S. 2003. A recent bottleneck in the warthog and elephant populations of Queen Elizabeth National Park, revealed by a comparative study of four mammalian species in Uganda national parks. Animal Conservation 6: 237–245.
New Vision. 2002. UWA Allows Export of Questionable Teeth.
Oliver, W. L. R. 1993. Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos. IUCN SSC Pigs and Peccaries Specialist Group and Hippos Specialist Group. IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland.
PPHSG Hippo Specialist Sub Group. 2004. Specialist Sub Group website. Available at: http://moray.ml.duke.edu/projects/hippos/.
Shambaugh, J., Oglethorpe, J. and Ham, R. 2001. The Trampled Grass: Mitigating the impacts of armed conflict on the environment. Biodiversity Support Program, Washington, DC, USA.
Shoumatoff, A. 2000. Four World Heritage sites in danger in Eastern Congo: Biodiversity conservation in the vortex of civil war. Report to the United Nations Foundation.
TAWIRI. 2001. Total Count of Hippopotamus in Tanzania.
TRAFFIC. 1997. Seizures and prosecutions. TRAFFIC Bulletin 17(1).
Vega, I. 1995. The hippo, threatened due to ivory trade. Quercus, III, Mayo.
Viljoen, P. C. 1995. Changes in number and distribution of hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) in the Sabie River, Kruger National Park, during the 1992 drought. Koedoe 38: 115-121.
Viljoen, P. C. and Biggs, H. C. 1998. Population trends of hippopotami in the rivers of Kruger National Park, South Africa. In: N. Dunstone and M. L. Gorman (eds), Behavior and Ecology of Riparian Mammals. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, pp. 251–279. Cambridge Press, London, UK.
Weiler, P., De-Meulenaer, T. and Vanden-Block, A. 1994. Recent trends in the international trade of hippopotamus ivory. TRAFFIC Bulletin 15: 47-49.
World Water Council – WWC. 2004. Analysis of the Third World Water Forum. Secretariat of the 3rd World Water Forum.
|Citation:||Lewison, R. & Oliver, W. (IUCN SSC Hippo Specialist Subgroup) 2008. Hippopotamus amphibius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 December 2014.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|