Amaoka, K., Matsuura, K., Inada, T., Takeda, M. and Okada, K. (eds.) 1990. Fishes collected by the R/V Shinkai Maru around New Zealand. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Centre.
Armstrong, P. 2001. Genetic and morphological variation in pot-bellied seahorses (Hippocampus abdominalis): is there evidence for two species? B.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis, School of Aquaculture, University of Tasmania.
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Bell, E.M., Lockyear, J.F. and McPherson, J.M. 2003. First field studies of an endangered South African seahorse, Hippocampus capensis. Enviornmental Biology of Fishes 67: 35–46.
Coleman, F.C., Koenig, C.C., Huntsman, G.R., Musick, J.A., Eklund, A.M., McGovern, J.C., Chapman, R.W., Sedberry, G.R. and Grimes, C.B. 2000. Long-lived reef fishes: The Grouper-Snapper complex. Fisheries 25: 14–20.
Denny, C.M. and Schiel, D.R. 2001. Feeding ecology of the banded wrasse Notolabrus fucicola (Labridae) in southern New Zealand: prey items, seasonal differences, and ontogenetic variation. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 35: 925–933.
Edgar, G.J. 1997. Australian Marine Life. Reed, Kew, Victoria.
Foster, S.J. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2004. Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management. Journal of Fish Biology 65: 1-61.
Francis, M.P. 1998. Coastal fishes of New Zealand: an identification guide. Reed Books, Auckland, New Zealand.
Graham, D.H. 1974. A treasury of New Zealand fishes. A.H. & A.W. Reed, Wellington, New Zealand.
Hutchings, J.A. and Reynolds, J.D. 2004. Marine Fish Population Collapses: Consequences for Recoveryand Extinction Risk. BioScience 54: 297–309
IUCN. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Kingsford, M.J. 1986. Distribution patterns of fish during the planktonic period of their life history. PhD thesis. University of Auckland, Department of Zoology.
Kingsford, M.J. and Choat, J.H. 1985. The fauna associated with drift algae captured with a plankton-mesh purse seine net. Limnology and Oceanography 30(3): 618–630
Kuiter, R.H. 2000a. Seahorses, Pipefishes and their Relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.
Kuiter, R.H. 2001. Revision of the Australian seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Records of the Australian Museum 53: 293-340.
Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. and Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Tasmania Fisheries Development Authority, Hobart.
Lourie, S.A., Foster, S.J., Cooper, E.W.T. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2004. A Guide to the Identification of Seahorses. Project Seahorse and TRAFFIC North America, University of British Columbia and World Wildlife Fund, Washington D.C.
Lourie, S.A., Vincent, A.C.J. and Hall, H.J. 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London, U.K.
Lovett, J.M. 1969. An introduction to the biology of the seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis. Unpublished B.Sc. (Hons) thesis, University of Tasmania, Australia
Marshall, D. 2004. The interactions of the big-bellied seahorse with artificial structure. Unpublished B.Sc. (Hons) thesis, University of Tasmania, Australia
Martin-Smith, K.M. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2005. Seahorse declines in the Derwent estuary, Tasmania in the absence of fishing pressure. Biological Conservation 123: 533–545.
Martin-Smith, K.M. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2006. Exploitation and trade of Australian seahorses and their relatives (syngnathids). Oryx 40(2): 141-151.
Paulin, C. and Roberts, C.1992.The Rockpool Fishes of New Zealand. Museum of New Zealand, Wellington.
Pogonoski, J.J., Pollard, D.A. and Paxton, J.R. 2002. Conservation overview and action plan for Australian threatened and potentially threatened marine and estuarine fishes. Environment Australia, Canberra, Australia.
Poortenaar, C.W., Woods, C.M.C., James, P., Giambartolomei, F.M. and Lokman, P.M. 2004. Reproductive biology of female big-bellied seahorses. Journal of Fish Biology 64: 1–9.
Reynolds, J.D., Mace, G.M., Redford, K.H. and Robinson, J.G. 2001. Conservation of Exploited Species. CambridgeUniversity Press, Cambridge (United Kingdom).
Scrimgeour, G.J. 1986. New records of fish and brittlestars from the Snares Islands, Southern New Zealand. Mauri Ora 13: 35–43.
Stevenson, M.L. and Beentjes, M.P. 2001. Inshore trawl survey of the Canterbury Bight and Pegasus Bay, December 1999–January 2000 (KAH9917 & CMP9901). NIWA Technical Report 99.
Van Dijken, S. 2001. Aspects of the ecology of the New Zealand seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Vincent, A.C.J. 1990. Reproductive ecology of seahorses. PhD thesis. University of Cambridge. Cambridge, UK
Vincent, A.C.J. 1996. The International Trade in Seahorses. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.
Woods, C.M.C. 2000. Preliminary observations on breeding and rearing the seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) in captivity. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research 34: 475–485.
Woods, C.M.C. 2002. Natural diet of the seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36(4): 655–660.
Woods, C.M.C. 2003a. Factors affecting successful culture of the seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis Leeson, 1827. In: J.C. Cato & C.L. Brown (eds) Marine Ornamental Species: collection, culture and conservation pp: 277–288. Iowa State Press, USA.
Woods, C.M.C. 2003b. Effects of varying Artemia enrichment on growth and survival of juvenile seahorses, Hippocampus abdominalis. Aquaculture 220(4): 537–548.
Woods, C.M.C. 2003c. Growth and survival of juvenile seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis reared on live, frozen and artificial foods. Aquaculture 220(2): 287–298.
Woods, C.M.C. 2003d. Effect of stocking density and gender segregation in rearing the seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis in culture (Teleostei: Syngnathidae). Aquaculture 218(1–4): 167–176.
Woods, C.M.C. 2003e. Seahorses. In: N. Andrew & M. Francis (eds) The living reef. The ecology of New Zealand’s rocky reefs pp: 152–159. Craig Potton Publishing.
Woods, C.M.C. 2005. Evaluation of VI-alpha and PIT-tagging of the seahorse Hippocampus abdominalis. Aquaculture International 13(3): 175–186.
Woods, C.M.C. 2005. Reproductive output of male seahorses, Hippocampus abdominalis, from Wellington Harbour, New Zealand: implications for conservation. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39(4): 811–888.
Woods, C.M.C. and Martin-Smith, K.M. 2004. Visible Implant fluorescent Elastomer tagging of the big-bellied seahorse, Hippocampus abdominalis. Fisheries Research 66(3): 363–371.
Woods, C.M.C. and Valentino, F. 2003. Frozen mysids as an alternative to live Artemia in culturing seahorses (Hippocampus abdominalis). Aquaculture Research 34: 757–763.
|Citation:||Woods, C.M.C., Morgan, S.K., Martin-Smith, K., Pogonoski, J.J., Paxton, J.R., Pollard, D.A. & Morgan, A.J. 2006. Hippocampus abdominalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T10057A3157972.Downloaded on 11 December 2016.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|