Hippocampus capensis 

Scope: Global
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Bibliography [top]

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C.A.P.E. Estuaries Management Programme. 2010. Keurbooms/Bitou Estuary Management Plan: Situation Assessment. In: Eviro-fish Africa (pty) Ltd. (ed.). Grahamstown, South Africa.

Claassens, L. 2016. An artificial water body provides habitat for an endangered estuarine seahorse species. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 180(doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2016.06.011).

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Galbusera, P.H.A., Gillemot, S., Jouk, P., Teske, P.R., Hellemans, B. and Volckaert, F. 2007. Isolation of microsatellite markers for the endangered Knysna seahorse Hippocampus capensis and their use in the detection of a genetic bottleneck. Molecular Ecology Notes 7(4): 638-640.

Grange, N. and Cretchley, R. 1995. A preliminary investigation of the reproductive behaviour of the Knysna seahorse Hippocampus capensis Boulanger, 1900. South African Journal of Aquatic Science 21: 103-104.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: (Accessed: 7 December 2017).

Lockyear, J., Hecht, T., Kaiser, H. and Teske, P.R. 2006. The distribution and abundance of the endangered Knysna seahorse Hippocampus capensis (Pisces: Syngnathidae) in South African estuaries. African Journal of Aquatic Science 31: 275-283.

Lockyear, J., Kaiser, H. and Hecht, T. 1997. Studies on the captive breeding of the Knysna seahorse, Hippocampus capensis. Aquarium Sciences and Conservation 1: 129-136.

Marker, M.E. 2003. The Knysna Basin, South Africa: geomorphology, landscape sensitivity and sustainability. Geographical Journal 169: 32-42.

McPherson, J.M. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2011. Trade in seahorses and other syngnathids in Africa. In: A.C.J. Vincent, B.G. Giles, C.A. Czembor, S.J. Foster (ed.), Trade in Seahorses and other Syngnathids in non-Asian Countries (1998-2001), pp. 7-38. Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Canada.

Mkare, T.K., van Vuuren, B.J. and Teske, P.R. 2017. Conservation implications of significant population differentiation in an endangered estuarine seahorse. Biodiversity and Conservation doi:10.1007/s10531-017-1300-5.

Russell, I.A. 1994. Mass mortality of marine and estuarine fish in the Swartvlei and Wilderness Lake Systems, Southern Cape. South African Journal of Aquatic Science 20: 93-96.

Teske, P.R., Cherry, M.I. and Matthee, C.A. 2003. Population genetics of the endangered Knysna seahorse, Hippocampus capensis. Molecular Ecology 12: 1703-1715.

Teske, P.R., Lockyear, J., Hecht, T. and Kaiser, H. 2007. Does the endangered Knysna seahorse, Hippocampus capensis, have a preference for aquatic vegetation type, cover or height? African Zoology 42: 23-30.

Vincent, A.C.J., Foster, S.J. and Koldewey, H.J. 2011. Conservation and management of seahorses and other Syngnathidae. Journal of Fish Biology 78: 1681-1724.

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Citation: Pollom, R. 2017. Hippocampus capensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T10056A54903534. . Downloaded on 19 June 2018.
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