|Scientific Name:||Ensete perrieri (Claverie) Cheesman|
Musa perrieri Claverie
|Taxonomic Source(s):||WCSP. 2016. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Available at: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/.|
Ensete perrieri (Claverie) Cheesman is a wild relative of Abyssinian Banana, E. ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesm. This species is classified in Taxon Group 4, following the definition of Maxted et al. (2006).
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered D ver 3.1|
Ensete perrieri is endemic to Madagascar, with only five known mature individuals in five localities, which place this species into a threatened category under criterion D. Furthermore, minimal ex situ conservation is in place for this species, with no evidence found for active in situ conservation (e.g., management and monitoring), and a recent survey finding only three mature individuals. Taking this into account, this species is globally assessed as Critically Endangered. Recommendations for this species include management and monitoring of populations where applicable, and collection of germplasm material for ex situ conservation.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to western Madagascar. Locations where this species has been observed are Analavelona, Ampefy, Bemaraha and Maintirano (H. Ralimanana pers. comm. 2017, S. Andriambololonera pers. comm. 2017). According to Gautier (2013) this species has also been observed in the Beanka forest.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is very little information about the population of this species. It has been observed in only five locations within Madagascar in the regions of Analavelona, Ampefy, Maintirano, Beanka and Bemaraha, although only one mature individual was observed in Bemaraha (S. Andriambololonera pers. comm. 2017). Young individuals have been observed in the Maintirano area (H. Ralimanana pers. comm. 2017). More research is needed on the current population and the trend of this species.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This banana species has a pseudo-stem 4 m long and grows 6-7 m high, which dies back during the dry season. It grows in dry tropical stony forest, and occurs form sea level to 1,111 m asl (Schatz 2011, Vare 2011, Genesys 2017).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||It is a relative of, and a potential gene donor to the crop banana. It is grown as a garden ornamental, with seed being available online.|
|Major Threat(s):||Ensete perrieri has been observed growing in forest boundaries, with threats to forest boundaries coming from the burning of the forest for agriculture (Moat 2007).|
The genus Musa is listed in Annex I of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) which aims to guarantee sustainable agriculture and food security through the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, as well as ensuring the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their use (FAO 2009).
|Citation:||Allen, R. 2018. Ensete perrieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T98249345A98249347.Downloaded on 18 September 2018.|
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