Alosa maeotica 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Clupeiformes Clupeidae

Scientific Name: Alosa maeotica (Grimm, 1901)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Black Sea shad

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.
Reviewer(s): Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)
Still more or less abundant in lower reaches of rivers and coastal lagoons. Decline in habitat quality in suitable estuarine ecosystems (limans) in northern Black Sea basin expected to have an impact in the immediate future. However it is not thought that this will cause a population decline by over 30% in the next 10 years.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Sea of Azov and northern and western part of Black Sea, from where adults enter coastal lagoons to spawn.
Countries occurrence:
Bulgaria; Georgia; Romania; Russian Federation; Turkey; Ukraine
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Common within the species range.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Habitat:
At sea, pelagic in deep water, entering brackish lagoons to spawn.

Spawns first at two years. Many individuals spawn 2-4 seasons. In Romania, spawners enter Lake Razelm when temperature reaches about 7°C, in March. Spawning starts when temperature reaches about 15°C, in late April-June. Eggs sink to bottom. Spent fish return to sea to feed. In autumn, migrates to southern Black Sea to overwinter. Juveniles migrate to sea or remain in estuaries during first summer. Feeds predominantly on small fish and crustaceans.
Movement patterns:Full Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water abstraction leading to increasing salinity of the limans (coastal lagoons) where the species spawns is a potential threat to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information.

Citation: Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Alosa maeotica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T906A13093182. . Downloaded on 24 May 2018.
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