|Scientific Name:||Alosa maeotica|
|Species Authority:||(Grimm, 1901)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer/s:||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
Still more or less abundant in lower reaches of rivers and coastal lagoons. Decline in habitat quality in suitable estuarine ecosystems (limans) in northern Black Sea basin expected to have an impact in the immediate future. However it is not thought that this will cause a population decline by over 30% in the next 10 years.
|Range Description:||Sea of Azov and northern and western part of Black Sea, from where adults enter coastal lagoons to spawn.|
Native:Bulgaria; Georgia; Romania; Russian Federation; Turkey; Ukraine
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Common within the species range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
At sea, pelagic in deep water, entering brackish lagoons to spawn.
Spawns first at two years. Many individuals spawn 2-4 seasons. In Romania, spawners enter Lake Razelm when temperature reaches about 7°C, in March. Spawning starts when temperature reaches about 15°C, in late April-June. Eggs sink to bottom. Spent fish return to sea to feed. In autumn, migrates to southern Black Sea to overwinter. Juveniles migrate to sea or remain in estuaries during first summer. Feeds predominantly on small fish and crustaceans.
|Major Threat(s):||Water abstraction leading to increasing salinity of the limans (coastal lagoons) where the species spawns is a potential threat to the species.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Alosa maeotica. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 June 2013.|
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