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Eudorcas albonotata

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CETARTIODACTYLA BOVIDAE

Scientific Name: Eudorcas albonotata
Species Authority: (W. Rothschild, 1903)
Common Name(s):
English Mongalla Gazelle
Synonym(s):
Gazella albonotata (W. Rothschild, 1903)
Gazella thomsonii Rothschild, 1903 subspecies albonotata
Taxonomic Notes: Included in the genus Eudorcas following Groves (2000) and Grubb (2005). Mongalla Gazelle is here treated as a species distinct from Thomson's Gazelle (E. thomsonii), following recent authors (Groves in press, FitzGibbon and Wilmshurst in press, Hashim in press) (though see Grubb 2005 who includes it with Red-fronted Gazelle G. rufifrons).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Mallon, D.P. (Antelope Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern as although the species has a reasonably narrow distribution, numbers remain high, there are no current major known threats, and the species is not believed to be declining. The Mongalla gazelle will probably survive for longer in southeastern Sudan than more easily hunted antelope species, but its status may eventually decline to threatened if there continues to be a complete lack of wildlife protection in this region.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Mongalla Gazelles inhabit the flood plains and flat savanna grasslands in southeast Sudan, east of the Nile, but not reaching the Ugandan and Kenyan borders. They have been recorded from the Omo region in south-west Ethiopia, but there is no recent information on its occurrence in this country (Hillman and Fryxell 1988; East 1999; Hashim in press).
Countries:
Native:
South Sudan
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: East (1999) guessed that the total population of Mongola Gazelle could number 100,000, but numbers are known to fluctuate substantially in this area and the central parts of its range are particularly inaccessible. An aerial survey carried out by WCS in 2007 produced a population estimate for part of South Sudan of 278,000 (Fay et al. 2007).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The Mongalla gazelle inhabits floodplain and savanna grasslands in Sudan (East 1999). This gazelle is adapted to following a nomadic annual cycle over the eastern Sudd floodplains, an ecologically peculiar region where extensive floods are followed by extreme aridity (Hashim in press). During the wet season, the Mongalla Gazelle aggregates in high population densities with other migratory species such as White-eared Kob and Tiang (Hillman and Fryxell 1988).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no clear major threats at present. The population in the Boma ecosystem is apparently stable and not exposed to serious hunting pressure. Part of the Mongalla Gazelle range is devoid of water, making access to this part of their range by poachers difficult (Hashim in press).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The Mongalla Gazelle is present in Boma National Park and in Mongalla Game Reserve, although seasonal movements cause very large fluctuations in numbers (Hashim in press).

Citation: IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Eudorcas albonotata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 November 2014.
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