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Gazella saudiya

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CETARTIODACTYLA BOVIDAE

Scientific Name: Gazella saudiya
Species Authority: Carruthers & Schwarz, 1935
Common Name(s):
English Saudi Gazelle
French Gazelle Saoudite
Spanish Gacela Saudi
Synonym(s):
Gazella dorcas subspecies saudiya Carruthers & Schwarz, 1935
Taxonomic Notes: Sometimes treated as a subspecies of Gazella dorcas, but on the basis of genetic analyses, Hammond et al. (2001) maintained that G. saudiya was distinct from G. dorcas, though closely related to it. See also Groves (1988) and Grubb (2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Mallon, D.P. (Antelope Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment)
Justification:
There have been no specimens collected or sightings of G. saudiya for several decades despite frequent surveys in areas of former habitat. Recent genetic analysis of all reported specimens of G. saudiya in captive collections has shown that these represent different species or hybrids (Hammond et al. 2001). Systematic investigations of captive collections throughout the Arabian Peninsula have failed to locate any captive individuals.
History:
2003 Extinct in the Wild (IUCN 2003)
2003 Extinct in the Wild
1996 Extinct in the Wild
1996 Extinct in the Wild
1994 Extinct? (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Formerly occurred in the Arabian Peninsula from Kuwait to the borders of Saudi Arabia and Yemen (Mallon and Kingswood 2001). Most records are from the western part of Saudi Arabia. Reports of occurrence in Iraq are unconfirmed and doubtful (Mallon and Kingswood 2001). A record from Amman, Jordan, cited by Harrison and Bates (1991) relates to a specimen found in archaeological excavations and the species was not included in the list of antelopes occurring in the country by Kiwan et al. (2001).
Countries:
Regionally extinct:
Iraq; Kuwait; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It was reported to be Extinct in the wild in the 1980s and subsquent reports of captive specimens in collections in the Arabian Peninsula have been shown to refer to other taxa or to hybrids (Hammond et al. 2001).

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Formerly occurred on gravel and sandy plains (Harrison and Bates 1991). It was a species of open Acacia country, occurring singly or in groups of up to 20.
Systems: Terrestrial

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Hammond et al. (2001) showed that three captive populations of putative G. saudiya are of little relevance to future conservation of the taxon and that surveys of privately owned populations provided no evidence of surviving G. saudiya.

Citation: IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Gazella saudiya. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 July 2014.
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