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Garra longipinnis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII CYPRINIFORMES CYPRINIDAE

Scientific Name: Garra longipinnis
Species Authority: Banister & Clarke, 1977
Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomic status of G. longipinnis is problematic and needs further analysis. Banister and Clarke (1977) recognized that there were no definitive metric or meristic characters that distinguished it from G. barreimiae. Specimens collected in 2002 from the type region (which was only stated as "a wadi near the village of Saiq;" see notes on 'Distribution') did not show the extremely elongated pectoral fins of the type specimens, and exhibited gross features in common with adjacent populations of G. barreimiae, both on the Saiq Plateau to the east (Wadi Manakher) and elsewhere to the west (falaj at Misfah al-'Abriyeen), along the southern flank of the Jebel Akhdar (Feulner 2002). Molecular genetic studies have also placed specimens from the near the type region in the same clade as subpopulations from areas to the west, considered to be G. barreimiae, including those at Misfah al-Abriyeen and the discrete subpopulation of 'Omani blind cave fish' (Kruckenhauser et al. 2011). The situation is further complicated by the observation that specimens from a spring-fed falaj system on the Saiq Plateau, not far from the type region, exhibit certain morphological differences suggestive of a species that is distinct from other specimens named G. longipinnis (Krupp pers. comm. 2011). It remains therefore unclear, if G. longipinnis represent a valid species different from G. barreimiae or a synonym of G. barreimiae.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2012-04-23
Assessor(s): Harrison, I.J.
Reviewer(s): Feulner, G.R. & Freyhof, J.
Contributor(s): World Conservation Monitoring Centre
Justification:
Despite attempts to locate the species, it has not been seen since 1968 and there is no current information on the distribution or population. This species might be a synonym of G. barreimiae. Until the taxonomic problems are resolved, it is therefore assessed as Data Deficient.
History:
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species was described from a wadi near the village of Saiq, in the Jebel al Akhdar range of Oman (23˚02’N, 57˚28’E), draining to the coast of southern Arabia (Banister and Clarke 1977). Despite attempts to locate it, fishes agreeing with the types have not been seen since 1968. Fishes found in 2002 at three sites on the Saiq Plateau in the immediate vicinity of the original collections could not be identified as G. longipinnis (G. Feulner pers. comm. 2012).
Countries:
Native:
Oman
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:  Despite attempts to locate the species, it has not been seen since 1968.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: There is no information on the habitat of this species, although it was described from a wadi.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

There is no documentation of use and trade of this species (G. Feulner pers. comm. 2012).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threats to the species are not known as it has not been seen since 1968. However, potential current threats include water abstraction and water pollution, and potential future threats include invasive species and droughts.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Additional field work and sound taxonomic work are needed to finally resolve whether G. longipinnis is a synonym of G. barreimiae or not.

Citation: Harrison, I.J. 2015. Garra longipinnis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 June 2015.
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