Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Lepidoptera Lycaenidae

Scientific Name: Aloeides dentatis
Species Authority: (Swierstra, 1909)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 2.3
Year Published: 1996
Date Assessed: 1996-08-03
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Gimenez Dixon, M.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Vulnerable (VU)
1994 Rare (R)
1990 Rare (R)
1988 Rare (R)
1986 Rare (R)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Aside from an old 1907 from Waterval Onder, Mpumalanga, all recent records are from Gauteng and Free State: Ruimsig, Roodepoort; Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve; Pretoria; Springs; Alberton; Boons; Ladybrand and Heilbron. Also recorded from Maseru, Lesotho.
Countries occurrence:
Lesotho; South Africa (Free State, Gauteng, Mpumalanga)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Habitat is grassland. Flight period August to April, peaking October to December. Larval food plants for A. d. dentatis are: Hermannia depressa (Sterculiaceae) and Lotononis erianthe (Fabaceae); and for A. d. maseruna are: Hermannia jacobifolia (Sterculiaceae). Adults feed on a variety of flowers. An ant-associated species, larvae sheltering in the nest of the ant Lepisiota capensis (Mayr). The larvae seem to produce a pheromone which mimics the brood pheromone of the ant, thereby deceiving the ant into treating the larva as it would toward an ant brood. The larvae do not prey upon the ant brood. At night the larvae emerge from the ant nest to feed on the food plants.
Systems: Terrestrial

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The Ruimsig colony was protected by the establishment of South Africa's first butterfly reserve in 1985.

Citation: Gimenez Dixon, M. 1996. Aloeides dentatis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T883A68965915. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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