Rhododendron kesangiae 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Ericales Ericaceae

Scientific Name: Rhododendron kesangiae D.G.Long & Rushforth
Taxonomic Source(s): The Plant List. 2013. The Plant List Version 1.1. Available at: (Accessed: July 2016).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2015-11-25
Assessor(s): Bhutan Endemic Flowering Plants Workshop
Reviewer(s): Scott, J.A. & Tallant, J.
Contributor(s): Dema, S., Dhendup, T., Tamang, K., Dorji, K., Dorji, T., Gyeltshen, N., Gyeltshen, N., Katel, O.N., Letro, Namgangla, Tobgay, K., Wangchuk, R., Thinley, T., Wangdi, Y., Wangmo, C., Wangmo, S. & Yangzom, R.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Rhododendron kesangiae is a common widely distributed species occurring most of central Bhutan from west to east. It has a large extent of occurrence of 13,750 km2 and is known from more than 16 localities. There are some minor localized threats but non are thought to be significant enough to be causing a continuing decline. The species is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

Both the typical variety and var. album are also Least Concern. The typical variety has a range similar to that of the species as a whole, whilst var. album has a more restricted extent of occurrence (365 km2). The latter is completely confined to two protected areas Thrumshingla National Park and Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary, it is very abundant in the latter locality (N. Gyeltshen pers. comm. 2015)..

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to Bhutan, but widely distributed across much of the country. Recorded from: Chukha district, central Thimphu (Below Lungchu Tse, below Tashigang goenpa and Changaphu), Wangdiphodrang (Pele La), Punakha, Tongsa, Bumthang (Thrumshing La) and Mongar districts, Upper Kuru Chu, and Upper Kulong Chu, Tashigang, Chele La, Paro, on the way to Gotpanagor, Sakteng, Tashigang, and Lao-Shingbe, Tashiyangtse. Occurs from 2,890 to 3,450 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Number of Locations:16-20
Lower elevation limit (metres):2890
Upper elevation limit (metres):3450
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:A widespread and common species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A large shrub to small tree found growing among Rhododendrons and bamboos in Fir (Abies densa) and Hemlock (Tsuga dumosa) forests. Occurs on forested ridges in the zone immediately below and up to the tree line (Long 1989). It grows in association with Arundinaria maling, Rhododendron falconeri, R. hodgsonii, Magnolia campbellii and M. globosa.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Is grown as an ornamental. The wood is used for firewood and the leaves are widely used locally as a wrapper for butter.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is used for fuelwood (local subsistence use).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Occurs in a number of protected areas across its range including Phrumsengla National Park and Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary.

Citation: Bhutan Endemic Flowering Plants Workshop. 2017. Rhododendron kesangiae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T84482018A84548368. . Downloaded on 17 March 2018.
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