Eulemur rufus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Eulemur rufus
Species Authority: (Audebert, 1799)
Common Name/s:
English Red Brown Lemur, Audebert's Brown Lemur, Red-fronted Brown Lemur
Eulemur fulvus (Audebert, 1800) subspecies rufus
Taxonomic Notes: Formerly considered a subspecies of Eulemur fulvus, but later raised to species level (Groves 2001). Until recently Eulemur rufifrons was considered to be a junior synonym of E. rufus (e.g., Groves 2005), but genetic and preliminary morphological evidence suggest that rufifrons is distinct (Pastorini et al. 2003, Groves 2006)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Hoffmann, M.
Reviewer/s: Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)
This species is now provisionally listed as Data Deficient, pending the availability of further information on its population status. Nearly all populations on which studies have been conducted to date and that were formerly included in E. rufus, are now assigned to E. rufifrons. However, given that threats are no doubt operating within the now more-confined range of E. rufus, with further information this species very likely will require listing as Near Threatened or Vulnerable.
1994 Rare (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Rare (IUCN 1990)
1990 Rare (IUCN 1990)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The Red Brown Lemur is found in western and north-western Madagascar, where it is known from the Betsiboka River south to the Tsiribihina River.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no information available. Until recently, the more widespread E. rufifrons was considered synonymous with E. rufus, and most studies to date have been in areas that fall within the range of the former.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: An inhabitant of dry deciduous forest.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are likely to be habitat loss due to slash-and-burn agriculture, burning to clear pastureland, fuelwood gathering, and illegal logging, as well as hunting.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Llisted on CITES Appendix I. It is found in three national parks (Baie de Baly, Tsingy de Bemaraha, and Tsingy de Namoroka), the Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve, three special reserves (Bemarivo, Kasijy, and Maningoza), and the Tsiombokibo Classified Forest (Mittermeier et al. 2008). The status of this species in captivity is difficult to determine at this time, owing now to taxonomic confusion with E. rufifrons.
Citation: Hoffmann, M. 2008. Eulemur rufus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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