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Eulemur mongoz

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA PRIMATES LEMURIDAE

Scientific Name: Eulemur mongoz
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Common Name/s:
English Mongoose Lemur
French Maki Mongoz, Lémur Mongoz
Spanish Lemur Mangosta

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P.
Reviewer/s: Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable as the species has a range of less than 10,000 km², is fragmented, and there is ongoing decline in extent, area and quality of habitat, as well as in the numbers of mature individuals due to levels of exploitation.
History:
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Endangered (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1988 Vulnerable (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Vulnerable (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in north-western Madagascar and in the Comores on the islands of Moheli, Anjouan and Gran Comoro, where they were almost certainly introduced by human agency. On Madagascar, it is known from the region of Ambato-Boéni and Ankarafantsika; the northern limit of its distribution appears to be near Analalava on the Bay of Narindra, and it has been seen south and west of the Betsiboka River at Katsepy and on the shores of Lac Kinkony, on both sides of the Mahavavy River and in the Tsiombikibo forest near Mitsinjo (Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein). Ranges from sea level to 400 m.
Countries:
Native:
Madagascar
Introduced:
Comoros
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Muller et al. (2000) recorded densities of 16 groups/km² and 45 individuals/km² in Anjamena, using transect line sampling.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found in dry deciduous forests in western Madagascar, more typically in humid forests in the Comores, and can survive in secondary forest. In Madagascar it lives in small cohesive family units of an adult male-female pair with one to four offspring; larger groups have been recorded on Mohéli in the Comoros. A cathemeral species, with fruit predominating in the diet. The birth season appears to be around mid-October on Anjouan and in Madagascar, and females give birth each year (Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Forests of western Madagascar inhabited by mongoose lemurs are already highly fragmented and continue to be cleared for pastures, crops, and charcoal production. Hunting using traps is also considered to be a threat. While previously under less threat on Anjouan and Mohéli, this species is now more often regarded as a crop pest, especially by an influx of Malagasy who do not adhere to local customs that have historically provided lemurs in the Comores a greater degree of protection (Tattersall 1998).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix I of CITES. It is protected by law in the Comores. It is known to occur in a single protected area, Ankarafantsika National Park. Unprotected populations are found in the forests of Anjamena, Antrema (at Katsepy), Mariarano, and Tsiombikibo (near Mitsinjo) (Mittermeier et al. 2008). There is a relatively large worldwide captive population.
Citation: Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P. 2008. Eulemur mongoz. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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