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Eulemur coronatus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA PRIMATES LEMURIDAE

Scientific Name: Eulemur coronatus
Species Authority: (Gray, 1842)
Common Name/s:
English Crowned Lemur
French Lémur À Couronne
Spanish Lemur Coronado

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P.
Reviewer/s: Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable as the species has a distribution range of less than 20,000 km², is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the area and quality of habitat within the range of the species coupled with a decline in the number of mature individuals due to hunting.
History:
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Endangered (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1988 Insufficiently Known (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Insufficiently Known (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in extreme northern Madagascar. It is the only species found on the Cap d’Ambre Peninsula, the most northerly point on the island. From there its range extends south, east of the Mahavavy River beyond Ambilobe. The eastern part of its range extends south in Daraina to the Manambato River. Ranges from sea-level to 1,250 m.
Countries:
Native:
Madagascar
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Several estimates of population density have been made: 77 individuals/km² in the Analamerana Special Reserve; 104 individuals/km² in the humid forests of Montagne d’Ambre; and 221 individuals/km² in the Ankarana Special Reserve (see Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein).

More recently, in Analamerana, Crowned Lemurs reached high densities of 21-25 individuals/km² and in Ankarana encounter rates were 1.7 groups per km² in Anilotra, but at other sites there were only 0.4 groups per km² (Banks et al. 2007).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species inhabits dry and humid forests, and is reported to inhabit all levels of the forest (though is most likely to be found in lianas, thick cover and terminal branches). It also readily descends to the ground to eat fallen fruit, lick earth or travel. Group size does not appear to differ significantly between habitat types, the average group being five or six and the maximum size about 15 individuals. According to Freed (1996), this species is cathemeral, remaining active both day and night throughout the year. In Ankarana and Montagne d’Ambre, mating occurs in late May and June, and births take place from mid-September through October (Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Forest loss due to slash-and-burn practices, charcoal production, mining for sapphires and gold, and illegal logging, as well as hunting for food, are the principal threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix I of CITES. It is found in the Montagne d’Ambre National Park and in three special reserves (Analamerana, Ankarana, and Forêt d’Ambre) (Mittermeier et al. 2008). It is also in Montagne de Francais Classified Forest, which is not protected. It has also been observed in forests of the Daraina region, which is now part of a protected area to be created for Golden-crowned Sifaka (Propithecus tattersalli). Expansion of the highly successful awareness campaign in Daraina to Analemarana and Ankarana is recommended. There is a small worldwide captive population.
Citation: Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P. 2008. Eulemur coronatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.
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