|Scientific Name:||Etheostoma kanawhae|
|Species Authority:||(Raney, 1941)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
This species has a somewhat small extent of occurrence, but listed as Least Concern in view of the fairly large number of subpopulations, large population size, apparently stable trend, and lack of major threats.
|Range Description:||This species is widely distributed in the upper and middle New River drainage in Virginia and North Carolina (Lee et al. 1980, Menhinick 1991, Jenkins and Burkhead 1994, Page and Burr 2011); it is virtually restricted to the Blue Ridge Province (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994 - see this for further details, including corrections of published records based on misidentified specimens).|
Native:United States (North Carolina, Virginia)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is represented by a fairly large number of occurrences (subpopulations). Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) mapped about 48 locations in Virginia, representing perhaps a couple dozen distinct occurrences. Menhinick (1991) mapped about 35 collection sites in North Carolina, representing perhaps an additional couple dozen distinct occurrences.
Total adult population size is unknown but apparently quite large (likely greater than 100,000); rare to abundant; usually uncommon or common (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994); fairly common (Page and Burr 2011).
Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable. Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) regarded this species as currently stable, and that status apparently has not changed.
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat includes fast gravel and rubble riffles of small to medium rivers (Page and Burr 2011); runs and riffles with hard substrate in cold and warm, generally clear creeks and rivers (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994); small to medium rivers; commonly taken in riffles over gravel and small rubble at depths of 10–40 cm (Kuehne and Barbour 1983). Breeding assemblages were observed in about 10 cm of water over swift riffles (Kuehne and Barbour 1983) and in riffles over sand, gravel, and rubble at depths of 0.3–0.7 m at a water temperature of 19 °C (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is not utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats are known (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994). Rotenone use has impacted at least one population.|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Etheostoma kanawhae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 September 2014.|
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