Map_thumbnail_large_font

Eremitalpa granti

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA AFROSORICIDA CHRYSOCHLORIDAE

Scientific Name: Eremitalpa granti
Species Authority: (Broom, 1907)
Common Name/s:
English Grant's Golden Mole
Taxonomic Notes: Revised by Meester (1964). Two subspecies are recognized: E. g. granti and E. g. namibensis.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Bronner, G.
Reviewer/s: Rathbun, G. (Afrotheria Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species appears narrowly distributed in western coastal southern Africa, but is probably more widespread than current records suggest. Although subject to some habitat loss and disturbance in parts of its range due to mining, the amount of available habitat remaining within its range is deemed to well exceed the thresholds for listing under criterion B. There is no indication that it is undergoing a significant decline that would warrant listing in a threatened category. The systematic status of the two subspecies urgently needs to be clarified; if E. g. granti is afforded species status, it might qualify for Vulnerable owing to habitat alteration (mining of coastal sands for alluvial diamonds), particularly in the Port Nolloth/Kleinzee districts.
History:
2006 Near Threatened (IUCN 2006)
2006 Near Threatened
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Rare (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Rare (IUCN 1990)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Confined to the west coast of southern Africa, from St. Helena Bay (Western Cape, South Africa) northwards to Walvis Bay (Namibia).
Countries:
Native:
Namibia; South Africa
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Densities are low owing to the arid, energy-sparse conditions of their environment, especially in the Namib Desert. Adults solitary, but tracks of several individuals have been found in the same area on the same night suggesting that a certain amount of home range overlap is tolerated.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Strandveld, Succulent Karoo and Namib Desert. Prefers soft, shifting sands of dunes but also present in inter-dune swales with quite dense vegetation providing sand is not too consolidated. Areas containing scattered clumps of the dune grass (Aristida sabulicola) are the preferred habitat for this species in South Africa. The young are thought to be born in tunnels constructed by this species, but it lacks a proper burrow system; resting sites are usually under vegetation. It is a nocturnal surface forager of termites, but also other invertebrates and small lizards. The home ranges of individual E. granti overlap, but they are solitary and tend to avoid each other when feeding (Fielden et al 1990, 1992)
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat fragmentation by dune removal and diamond mining may have impacted on populations in parts of this species' range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species does not occur in any protected area in South Africa, but will be protected by the proposed Groen-Spoeg National Park if this is established. In Namibia, this species occurs in the Namib Desert National Park. Research is needed to clarify the systematic status of the two subspecies; consistent morphological differences correspond with a major barrier to gene flow (Orange River).
Citation: Bronner, G. 2008. Eremitalpa granti. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided