Equus hemionus ssp. khur
|Scientific Name:||Equus hemionus ssp. khur Lesson, 1827|
See Equus hemionus
Equus khur Lesson, 1827
|Taxonomic Notes:||This is treated by Grubb in Wilson & Reeder (1993) as a synonym of Equus onager which in turn was treated in the 1996 Red List as a subsp. of E. hemionus.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Kaczensky, P., Lkhagvasuren, B., Pereladova, O., Hemami, M. & Bouskila, A.|
|Reviewer(s):||King, S.R.B. & Moehlman, P.D.|
|Contributor(s):||Shah, N. & Bhatnagar, Y.V.|
Equus hemionus khur is listed as Near Threatened (NT), but is close to being listed as Vulnerable (VU D2) due to occurrence in only one population in and around the Little Rann of Kutch. Despite only being found in one location, the current population size of around 2,000 mature individuals and the AOO of 16,000 km2 does not qualify the species for any of the threatened categories as it is unlikely to become CR or EX within three generations. However any change in the current situation could quickly cause the species to be listed as VU.
An estimated 30-35% of the Khur population lives outside the protected area and human-Khur conflicts are increasing, particularly crop raiding. In recent years Khur have also been increasingly hit on the major Express highway. The International boundary with Pakistan has been fenced thus restricting any possibility of Khur movement beyond borders. Although the population has somewhat increased over the past years, foaling rates in Khur have been on the decline in recent years. The population has increased since the previous assessment, but threats from human activities mean that this subspecies is still at threat.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Eqquus hemionus khur only occurs in and around the Little Rann of Kutch.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
Equus hemionus khur is found in the Little Rann of Kutch in India (Shah and Qureshi 2007). In 2009 the official estimate for this population was ~4,000 animals (N. Shah pers. comm. 2014), of which about 2,000 are mature.
|Current Population Trend:||Increasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The taxon is found in semi-desert, and grassland areas.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Generation Length (years):||7.5|
Threats to Khur in the Little Rann of Kutch in India stem from increasing human activities. Land use patterns have changed since the Mega Narmada Dam Project which resulted in the Sardar Sarovar canals all around the protected area. Uninformed release of Sardar Sarovar canal excess waters into the Rann is having an impact on the micro-habitat, the short grasslands and is restricting the movement of Khur and other species across the saline desert. Increased agricultural practices have converted fallow lands into irrigation fields, resulting in shrinking habitat for the existing Khur population. Religious activities, cattle breeding and influx of people have accelerated on the Islands or Bets of the Rann.
Prosopis juliflora invasion is an additional threat to the habitat.
An estimated 30-35% of the Khur population lives outside the protected area and human-Khur conflicts are increasing, particularly crop raiding.
In recent years Khur have also been increasingly hit on the major Express highway. The International Boundary with Pakistan has been fenced thus restricting any possibility of Khur movement beyond borders. Although the population has somewhat increased over the past years, foaling rates in Khur have been on the decline in recent years.
|Conservation Actions:||Included in CITES Appendix I. Protected at national level, and occurs largely in a protected area.|
|Citation:||Kaczensky, P., Lkhagvasuren, B., Pereladova, O., Hemami, M. & Bouskila, A. 2016. Equus hemionus ssp. khur. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T7963A3144616.Downloaded on 12 December 2017.|
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