Epioblasma arcaeformis 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Bivalvia Unionoida Unionidae

Scientific Name: Epioblasma arcaeformis
Species Authority: (I. Lea, 1831)
Common Name(s):
English Arc-form Pearly Mussel, Sugarspoon
Dysnomia arcaeformis I. Lea, 1831
Taxonomic Notes: Was listed in the 1996 IUCN Red List under the name Dysnomia arcaeformis?.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 2.3
Year Published: 2000
Date Assessed: 2000-06-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Bogan, A.E. (Mollusc Specialist Group)
Reviewer(s): Seddon. M.B. & Bogan, A.E. (Mollusc Red List Authority)
The habitat of this species has been severely modified or destroyed by damming. Annual surveys are conducted throughout the whole system and the species has not been collected for over 50 years. Damming along entire river systems has had an impact on this species which is now listed as Extinct.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Critically Endangered (CR)
1996 Extinct (EX)
1994 Extinct? (Ex?)
1990 Extinct? (Ex?)
1988 Extinct? (Ex?)
1986 Extinct? (Ex?)
1983 Extinct (Ex)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Occurred in the Cumberland and Tennessee River systems.
Countries occurrence:
Regionally extinct:
United States (Alabama, Kentucky, Tennessee)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Medium to large rivers in shoal and riffle areas. Winter breeder.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Damming along entire river systems has had an impact on this species, which probably went Extinct in 1940.

Citation: Bogan, A.E. (Mollusc Specialist Group). 2000. Epioblasma arcaeformis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2000: e.T7863A12858623. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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