|Scientific Name:||Empetrichthys merriami Gilbert, 1893|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Extinct ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
This species is listed as Extinct because no individuals have been found in more than 50 years, despite intensive surveys.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Its range included Ash Meadows, Amargosa Desert, Nye County, Nevada, near the Nevada/California border. This species was known only from five separated springs (Lee et al. 1980).|
Regionally extinct:United States
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is extinct. Formerly it occurred in 5 springs in Nevada (Lee et al. 1980).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This fish inhabited deeper holes in springs (La Rivers 1962).|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||This species was not utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species went extinct in the late 1940s or early 1950s as a result of severe habitat alterations, possibly exacerbated by predation from exotic bullfrogs and crayfish (Miller et al. 1989).|
This species is extinct, so it does not require additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.
|Citation:||NatureServe. 2013. Empetrichthys merriami. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T7705A15364173.Downloaded on 13 December 2017.|