Eleutherodactylus cavernicola 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Eleutherodactylidae

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus cavernicola Lynn, 1954

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-12-17
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the quality of its habitat in the Portland Ridge Peninsula, Jamaica, is declining.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is only known from two caves near Jackson's Bay, on the Portland Ridge Peninsula, very close to sea level (10-15 m asl), in Jamaica.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):10
Upper elevation limit (metres):15
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a very rare species and is difficult to find. It was last seen in 1984 (Hedges and Díaz 2009), but there have been no surveys for the species since.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It has only been recorded inhabiting caves in moderately well-forested areas. Eggs are laid among rocks and it breeds by direct development.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The caves in which it occurs on the Portland Ridge Peninsula are being disturbed by humans, including by people occupying caves illegally. There is also significant disturbance of the habitat from agriculture, the nearby lighthouse, and from touristic activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known to occur in any protected areas, but both caves are currently within an area designated as a national park for the future (although this is not yet confirmed). One cave is currently within the Jackson Bay Hunting Club.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson. 2010. Eleutherodactylus cavernicola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T7143A12829826. . Downloaded on 22 May 2018.
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