Phyllomys brasiliensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Phyllomys brasiliensis
Species Authority: Lund, 1840
Common Name(s):
English Red-nosed Tree Rat
Echimys brasiliensis (Lund, 1840)
Taxonomic Notes: Also known as Echimys braziliensis and Nelomys braziliensis, but see Emmons et al. (2002) for reasons to place this form in the genus Phyllomys and for the spelling of brasiliensis.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Leite, Y. & Patterson, B.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000 km², there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and this species is only known in two locations with ongoing fragmentation of habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species originally occured in Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais States, Brazil (Eisenberg and Redford, 1999). It is now highly restricted to Minas Gerais and no longer in Rio de Janeiro (Y. Leite pers. comm.).
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This rodent is uncommon; it is known from only four specimens (Y. Leite pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Original specimen was found in a cave near Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais (Emmons et al., 2002).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The forest habitat where it occurs is highly reduced and fragmented (Emmons et al., 2002), and habitat destruction is ongoing in the Cerrado (Y. Leite pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species has not been found in any protected areas (Y. Leite pers. comm.).

Citation: Leite, Y. & Patterson, B. 2008. Phyllomys brasiliensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 02 September 2015.
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