Map_thumbnail_large_font

Dipus sagitta

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA DIPODIDAE

Scientific Name: Dipus sagitta
Species Authority: (Pallas, 1773)
Common Name/s:
English Hairy-footed Jerboa, Northern Three-toed Jerboa, NORTHERN THREE-TOED JERBOA
Spanish Jerboa Tres-tocado Con La Punta Del Pie Norteño, JERBOA TRES-TOCADO CON LA PUNTA DEL PIE NORTEÑO
Taxonomic Notes: Dipus sagitta is only species in the genus Dipus.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Batsaikhan, N., Avirmed, D., Tinnin, D. & Tsytsulina, K.
Reviewer/s: Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species has a large population and a wide distribution. No decline in population size has been detected, and there are no known widespread major threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is distributed in deserts and some semi-deserts from Don River sands (Russian Federation) to cis-Caspian region, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and N Iran and through Kazakhstan to Irtysh River, Tuva, Mongolia and N China (Shenbrot et al. 1995).
Countries:
Native:
China; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Russian Federation; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: A common species with weakly marked population fluctuations. In favourable years population density could reach 5-6 animals per hectare (Gromov and Erbaeva 1995).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Inhabits high-altitude sandy deserts and semi desert, but avoids large expanses of open sand-dunes. It is also found in sand-dunes covered with pine forest. Most abundant in hilly and ridge sands, including those used as pastures. It is often found together with Allactaga spp. It is one of the pioneer species that is occupying new habitats that have emerged as the Aral Sea dies out. In northern parts of the range it hibernates, while in southern parts it remains active throughout the year with exceptions in extremely cold winters. Lives in burrows with length of about 5-6 m and depths up to 3 m; can also occupy burrows of Meriones major. In spring feeds on vegetative parts of grasses and shrubs, also eats roots and bulbs. When seeds start to ripen it switches its diet to seeds. During the whole year it takes insects and larvae as a usual part of its diet. It is highly adapted to arid conditions and rarely needs to drink water. The length of the reproductive period differs in northern and southern parts of the range: from 2 to 2.5 months in north to 8-9 months in south. The number of litters per year differs correspondingly, from 1 to 4 in differents parts of the range.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is common throughout most of the range and is a pioneer species that occupies opening sands in the Aral Sea area. There are no major threats to the species across its entire global range. However, pervasive changes to desert habitats are a major threat in the European part of the range. It is listed as threatened in the Don River region's local Red Data Book because of the fragmentation of its preferred habitat (sand dunes). In Mongolia, drying of water sources and droughts threaten this species, although it remains unclear if these represent natural environmental changes or are driven by anthropogenic activity.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Populations near the Don river are listed in the local Red Data Book. The species occurs in several protected areas (for example, in Mongolia approximately 17% of the species’ range lies within protected areas).
Citation: Batsaikhan, N., Avirmed, D., Tinnin, D. & Tsytsulina, K. 2008. Dipus sagitta. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided