Bothriechis bicolor


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Bothriechis bicolor
Species Authority: (Bocourt, 1868)
Common Name(s):
English Guatemala Palm Pit Viper
Bothrops bicolor Bocourt, 1868

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2012-05-07
Assessor(s): Campbell, J.A. & Muñoz-Alonso, A.
Reviewer(s): Bowles, P.
Although the extent of occurrence is less than 20,000 km², and some populations have disappeared due to habitat destruction, this species is listed as Least Concern because the declines happened decades ago, and substantial stable healthy populations remain.
2007 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occupies moderate and intermediate elevations along the Pacific versant of the southern Volcanic Cordillera of Guatemala from the Volcán de Agua westward to Cerro Ovando in southeastern Chiapas, Mexico. It has also been taken from several localities in Honduras, including the Sierra de Merendón and the Cerro Santa Bárbara. Elevational range is between 500 and 2,000 meters.
Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is now rare in lower portions of its range owing to habitat destruction that occurred in the mid-twentieth century. The higher-elevation populations remain relatively healthy. The species continues to be seen regularly (early 2000s).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Habitat includes lower montane wet forest and lower montane moist forest. The species can also occur in coffee plantations.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Information on use or trade was not available for this assessment.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation and conversion of habitat to agricultural use are the main threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is protected by Mexican law under the category A (Threatened). It occurs in El Triunfo and Tacaná Biosphere Reserves. Better information is needed on population trend.

Citation: Campbell, J.A. & Muñoz-Alonso, A. 2014. Bothriechis bicolor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 01 April 2015.
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