Widdringtonia nodiflora 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Cupressaceae

Scientific Name: Widdringtonia nodiflora (L.) Powrie
Common Name(s):
English Mountain Cypress, Cape Cypress
Brunia nodiflora L.
Widdringtonia cupressoides (L.) Endl.
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-07-12
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P.
Widdringtonia nodiflora is widespread in southern Africa. No specific threats have been identified and no declines recorded. Therefore it is assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Recorded from southern Africa: Malawi (Mt. Mulanje), W Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. Occurs in mountainous areas from S Malawi to the Cape. The extent of occurrence is in excess of 20,000 km2 and it is known from more than 10 locations. No estimates of its area of occupancy are available.
Countries occurrence:
Malawi; Mozambique; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, Western Cape); Zimbabwe
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):100
Upper elevation limit (metres):2590
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is common in at least some parts of its range.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:No
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Predominantly in cool and wet mountain fynbos, often in rocky outcrops and among boulders on summits, or in montane grassland often near streams, and in canyon woodland ('kloofbos'), accompanied by numerous fynbos genera (e.g. Leucadendron, Leucospermum, Metrosideros, Protea, Restio) or Pteridium, Myrica pilulifera and Poaceae, or forming pure stands. The altitude ranges from 100 m to 2,590 m a.s.l. Soils are nutrient-poor, acidic, derived mostly from granite, quarzite or sandstone. The climate varies from Mediterranean in the Cape region to subtropical with summer rains and tropical montane in Malawi. Unlike other members of its genus, this species is capable of coppicing: it resprouts after fire. It is common in fire-prone heathlands (Smith and Tainton 1985).
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No
Generation Length (years):30

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: No commercial uses have been recorded for this species. It may be readily coppiced and is probably used for firewood locally. Its only horticultural use seems to be limited to plantings in botanic gardens; under glass where frost occurs and outdoors in regions with a mild climate. It is suitable for planting in countries with a Mediterranean climate (and is planted in California) and should be used more often, provided it has first been assessed and found not likely to become invasive

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This widespread species, which is capable of coppicing after above-ground destruction (fire), is not threatened with extinction

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is recorded from numerous protected areas.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Widdringtonia nodiflora. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T63557A3127476. . Downloaded on 17 October 2017.
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