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Devario pathirana

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII CYPRINIFORMES CYPRINIDAE

Scientific Name: Devario pathirana
Species Authority: (Kottelat & Pethiyagoda, 1990)
Common Name(s):
English Barred Danio
Synonym(s):
Danio pathirana
Danio pathirana Kottelat & Pethiyagoda, 1990

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2007-03-01
Assessor(s): Devi, R. & Boguskaya, N.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B., Darwall, W., Ram, M. & Smith, K. (SRLI Freshwater Fish Evaluation Workshop)
Justification:
D. pathirana has been assessed as Endangered due to its restricted range (less than 5,000 km²), the species is threatened by a decline in habitat quality, and is found in less than five locations, given the main threat of pollution.
History:
1996 Critically Endangered
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from one area in the Nilwala River basin, in Opatha, Sri Lanka (R. Devi, pers. comm.). The range of this species is an estimated 818 km².
Countries:
Native:
Sri Lanka
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: D. pathirana is reported to be numerous within its limited range (Pethiyagoda 1994).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: D. pathirana is a pelagic species that occurs in swift flowing streams, with pebble or boulder substrates. It has not been found in silted rivulets flowing into the mainstream. It forms groups of 3-5 individuals slowly moving near the surface.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is collected in moderate numbers from the wild (Froese and Pauly 2006).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): D. pathirana is threatened by pressure from shade loss and agricultural effluents (Pethiyagoda 1994).

During the past two centuries, nearly all the natural forests in this eco-region have been cleared for tea, rubber, and coconut plantations, rice paddies, and human settlements (WWF 2001).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known if there are any conservation measures in place or needed.

Citation: Devi, R. & Boguskaya, N. 2009. Devario pathirana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 November 2014.
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