Montivipera bornmuelleri


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Montivipera bornmuelleri
Species Authority: (Werner, 1898)
Common Name(s):
English Lebanon Viper
Vipera bornmuelleri Werner, 1898
Taxonomic Notes: This species is included in Montivipera following Nilson et al. (1999).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Mousa Disi, A.M., Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Sadek, R. & Werner, Y.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N. & Cox, N. (Global Reptile Assessment)
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000 km², its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its montane habitat through overgrazing.
1996 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Indeterminate (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Indeterminate (IUCN 1990)
1988 Indeterminate (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has been recorded from high mountain regions in Lebanon and Syria from about 1,000 to around 2,200 m asl. It is present on the Mount Lebanon Range, the Anti-Lebanon Range and Mount Hermon (in Israeli-occupied Syria), and is also present on Jabel Al Arab (Druz), Syria.
Lebanon; Syrian Arab Republic
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It can be common in suitable habitat.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in cedar forests, alpine grasslands and amongst cushion-type vegetation and rocks. This species gives birth to between two and 18 young.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This is a restricted range species that is threatened in Lebanon by overgrazing of habitat by sheep and goats, and also through degradation of suitable habitat through the use of off-road vehicles. On Mount Hermon it is threatened by the development of its habitat for use by the military, and is potentially threatened by the development of the skiing industry.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is found in the protected areas of Arz Al-Shouf and Horj Ehden in Lebanon, and in the Hermon Reserve in Israeli-occupied Syria.

Citation: Mousa Disi, A.M., Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Sadek, R. & Werner, Y. 2006. Montivipera bornmuelleri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 30 March 2015.
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