Cobitis levantina


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Cobitis levantina
Species Authority: Krupp & Moubayed, 1992
Common Name/s:
English Orontes spined loach

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor/s: Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer/s: Karatash, A., Erk’akan, F. & Bogutskaya, N. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
The species occurs in the Orontes River basin area. Main threats are pollution, water extraction and drought. Population density is described as low. Fewer than 10 locations and continuing decline in habitat quality. Assessed as Vulnerable (VU B2ab(iii)).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: It is restricted to the Litani river basin in Lebanon and to the Orontes (Asi in Turkey) river basin in Syria and Turkey. Not known to occur in mountainous areas.
Lebanon; Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population density in Syria and Lebanon is low (Krupp and Mouyabed 1992). The population across the range is declining.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in lowland river and small irrigation canals with silty bottom and few submerged vegetation.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water pollution (much pollution from Syria) and extraction. Drought. Changes in water level. For instance in 1990, the water level at a sampling location recorded by State Hydraulic works in February as 119 cm, whereas there was no flow in June (Erk'akan and Ekmekci 2000).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None known to be in place.
Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Cobitis levantina. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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