Tristramella sacra


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Tristramella sacra
Species Authority: (Günther, 1865)
Common Name(s):
English Long Jaw Tristramella
Chromis paterfamilias Lortet, 1876
Hemichromis sacra Günther, 1865

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2013-03-18
Assessor(s): Goren, M.
Reviewer(s): Freyhof, J. & Smith, K.
This species was endemic to one lake in Israel; it is now Extinct. It has not been recorded since 1989/90, in spite of searches for the species both in the lake and in local markets. Destruction of breeding habitat (marsh area in north part of the lake) may be the reason for its apparent disappearance.
2006 Critically Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species was restricted to the Kinneret (Tiberias) Lake in Israel.
Regionally extinct:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is now Extinct. It was last seen in 1989/90. Since then, it has not been found (either in the lake or in local markets) in spite of attempts to find it.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This was a lacustrine species. Reproduction occured in spring (April-July): it was a paternal mouth brooder. The species fed on zooplankton and small fish.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The reasons for the extinction of this species are unknown. Destruction of marshes, the breeding area of the species, has been speculated. as a reason for its extinction.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation actions are no longer relevant to this species as it is now Extinct.

Citation: Goren, M. 2014. Tristramella sacra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 29 March 2015.
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