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Protomelas macrodon

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES CICHLIDAE

Scientific Name: Protomelas macrodon
Species Authority: Eccles, 1989
Taxonomic Notes: This species was among the initial P. pleurotaenia collection. It was later assigned to a new species (together with another specimen from Nkhotakota) due to its greatly enlarged, molariform pharyngeal teeth. Konings (1995) notes "since it is known that the pharyngeal teeth structure can vary from individual to individual within a single population it is unclear whether this is a distinct species or a local variant of P. pleurotaenia". Field observations combined with the examination of additional preserved specimens are needed to give the answer.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Kasembe, J.
Reviewer(s): Snoeks, J. (Freshwater Fish Red List Authority) & Darwall, W. (Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Programme)
Justification:
Only known from two type specimens (holotype and paratype).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to Lake Malawi. Only known from two type specimens, one from Nkhotakota (the paratype). The other specimen (holotype) previously included in P. pleurotaenia was erroneously labelled together with all other P. pleurotaenia specimens from "Lake Tanganyika".
Countries:
Native:
Malawi
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No information available.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The specimen from Nkhotakota was collected in shallow water with vegetation. Probably feeds on snails that occur among the vegetation.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No information available.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information available.

Citation: Kasembe, J. 2006. Protomelas macrodon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 October 2014.
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