|Scientific Name:||Lampetra zanandreai|
|Species Authority:||Vladykov, 1955|
Lethenteron zanandreai (Vladykov, 1955)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kottelat, M. & Smith, K.|
The species is assessed as Least Concern as it has a relatively wide distribution (estimated Extent of Occurrence >20,000 km²) and is found in more than 10 locations. In Slovenia there have, however, been major declines in range.
European Union 27 = LC. Same rationale as above.
|Range Description:||Restricted to the upper adriatic river drainages, including northern Italy, the Adriatic basin of Slovenia and Croatia (Neretva and Matica rivers). Two sub-populations have been found also in Central Italy in the Esino and Potenza river basins. Presence in Switzerland not formally established, but records of L. planeri from the Po drainage are most likely L. zanandreai.|
Native:Croatia; Italy; Slovenia
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Extensive survey in Italy has found many sub-populations in restricted areas.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Lives in cold-water brooks near springs. It is a non-parasitic lamprey as adult does not feed. It requires a gravel substrate. The larvae remain hidden in the gravel for 3-5 years then the adult emerges and spawns over a one-month period in summer. It is important to conduct surveys at times when the adults have emerged in the summer.|
|Major Threat(s):||Water extraction, pollution and drought.|
|Conservation Actions:||Listed in Annexes II and V of the European Union Habitats Directive, and in Appendix III and II of the Bern Convention. In Slovenia the species has been effectively protected since the mid-1990s.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. 2006. Lampetra zanandreai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 December 2014.|
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