|Scientific Name:||Ischnura abyssinica|
|Species Authority:||Martin, 1907|
Ischnura hilli Pinhey, 1964
|Taxonomic Notes:||Ischnura hilli was collected from the same locality as I. abyssinica. Full credit to the new synonymy is given in Clausnitzer and Dijkstra (2005).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Dijkstra, K.D. & Suhling, F. (SSC Odonata Specialist Group) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
The species is known only from two sites. Clausnitzer and Dijkstra (2005) found Ischnura abyssinica on grassy stream–pools in a highland meadow near Adis Alem, 400 km west of the type locality at Dire-Daoua at Harar (Pinhey 1964). Though only two sites are known, we assume more populations to occur in the area of occurrence. This anthropogenic habitat is common in the Ethiopian highlands and the record suggests that the species is more widespread. Nevertheless this species is endemic to highlands in central Ethiopia and a decrease of the original area of occupancy is inferred due to intense agriculture and pollution of water, which will continue in the future with the fast growing population in Ethiopia, especially in the highland areas. Thus the species is listed as Vulnerable.
|Range Description:||The species has been recorded from Highlands (2,000 m asl) in north east (Lake Alemaya) and in central (highland meadow near, Adis Alem) Ethiopia.
In northeastern Africa, the species is endemic to the Ethiopian highlands.
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Population size and trends are unknown.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Grassy lake shores and stream-pools in highlands.|
|Major Threat(s):||Water pollution and degradation of lakes, rivers and streams are main threats to the species.|
|Conservation Actions:||Conservation of the watershed is needed, as well as research into the population numbers and range.|
|Citation:||Clausnitzer, V. 2010. Ischnura abyssinica. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.|
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