|Scientific Name:||Urolophus papilio|
|Species Authority:||Séret & Last, 2003|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Recently resolved and described. Specifically distinct from congeners in the Coral Sea.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Last, P.R. & Marshall, L.J.|
|Reviewer/s:||Kyne, P.M., Fowler, S.L. & Compagno, L.J.V. (Shark Red List Authority)|
Narrow ranging endemic stingaree known only from New Caledonia, adjacent to the Chesterfield Islands, and presently known only from 330 m depth. Population size and biology unknown. Threats from fisheries are limited as there is no commercial trawling in this region. However, any major increase in fishing effort could result in rapid decline of this species, which at present is known from only one locality. Although assessed as Least Concern at this time, fishing activities in the area will require monitoring to ensure that any changes in practice are not to the detriment of this species.
|Range Description:||Narrow ranging endemic. Known only from New Caledonia, adjacent to the Chesterfield Islands.|
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Known from the continental slope at 330 m depth (Séret and Last 2003). Biology unknown but likely to have low fecundity (1 to 2 young/year) as with other urolophid species (for example, see White et al. 2001).
Life history parameters
Age at maturity (years): Unknown.
Size at maturity (total length cm): Unknown (female); 31.3 cm TL (Séret and Last 2003) (male).
Longevity (years): Unknown.
Maximum size (total length): >40.0 cm TL (Séret and Last 2003).
Size at birth: ~14.0 cm TL (Séret and Last 2003).
Average reproductive age (years): Unknown.
Gestation time (months): Unknown.
Reproductive periodicity: Unknown.
Average annual fecundity or litter size: Unknown.
Annual rate of population increase: Unknown.
Natural mortality: Unknown.
|Major Threat(s):||Limited as no commercial trawling in this region. However, any major increase in fishing effort could result in rapid decline of this species, which appears to be range restricted.|
|Conservation Actions:||None in place. Monitoring of future fishing activities to ensure changes do not adversely affect this species.|
|Citation:||Last, P.R. & Marshall, L.J. 2006. Urolophus papilio. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 December 2013.|
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