|Scientific Name:||Trygonoptera ovalis|
|Species Authority:||Last & Gomon, 1987|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Trygonoptera ovalis needs to be compared carefully wih the undescribed Trygonoptera spp. (A and B [in Last and Stevens 1994]) to determine relationships between these forms.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kyne, P.M., Fowler, S.L. & Compagno, L.J.V. (Shark Red List Authority)|
A small to medium sized Eastern Indian endemic stingaree from southwestern Australia (the state of Western Australia) common in shallow water in depths to 43 m. Trygonoptera ovalis forms an insignificant component to the bycatch of the scallop and prawn trawl fisheries that operate within its range. This species typically occurs over rocky and reefy areas and is rarely caught by commercial fisheries operating within the area. Since there is a large amount of this habitat within its range, this species is not of any great concern from a conservation point of view.
|Range Description:||Endemic to the Eastern Indian off southwestern Australia: found only off the southwestern coast of Australia from Eucla (128°53'E) to the Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia (28°43'S) (Last and Stevens 1994).|
Native:Australia (Western Australia)
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Common over shallow rocky and reefy areas within its range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Trygonoptera ovalis is a common species found over rocky and reefy areas and some seagrass beds in depths of 1 to 43 m (Last and Stevens 1994, W. White pers. obs). Aplacental viviparous species. Attains 61 cm TL and males mature at 35 cm TL (Last and Stevens 1994).
Dietary composition has not yet been examined for this species.
Life History Parameters
Age at maturity (years): Unknown (both male and female).
Size at maturity (total length): Unknown (female); 35 cm TL (male) (Last and Stevens 1994).
Longevity (years): Unknown.
Maximum size (total length): 61 cm TL (Last and Stevens 1994).
Size at birth (cm): Unknown.
Average reproductive age (years): Unknown.
Gestation time (months): Unknown.
Reproductive periodicity: Unknown.
Average annual fecundity or litter size: Unknown.
Annual rate of population increase: Unknown.
Natural mortality: Unknown.
|Major Threat(s):||Very few threats. Only a negligible component of prawn and scallop trawl bycatch, for which there is only a small number of boats operating within this fishery. Not known to be caught by other fisheries within its range. Preference of this species for rocky and reefy areas provides refuge from trawling activities.|
None in place.
The effective implementation of the Australian National Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks (Shark Advisory Group and Lack 2004) (under the FAO International Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks: IPOA-Sharks) will help to facilitate the conservation and sustainable management of all chondrichthyan species in Australia.
|Citation:||White, W.T. 2006. Trygonoptera ovalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 December 2014.|
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